Silene

Silene

Synonymy

Source: Marhold, K. (2011+): Caryophyllaceae. – In: Euro+Med Plantbase - the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity.
Silene L., Sp. Pl.: 416. 1753
    • =Cucubalus L., Sp. Pl.: 414. 1753
    • =Lychnis L., Sp. Pl.: 436. 1753
    • =Coronaria Schaeff., Bot. Exped.: 21 & 132. 1760
    • =Oberna Adans., Fam. Pl. 2: 255. 1763
    • =Otites Adans., Fam. Pl. 2: 255. 1763
    • =Steris Adans., Fam. Pl. 2: 255. 1763
    • =Melandrium Röhl., Deutschl. Fl., ed. 2, 2: 37 & 274. 1812
    • =Pleconax Raf., Autik. Bot.: 24. 1840
    • =Elisanthe Rchb., Deut. Bot. Herb.-Buch: 206. 1841
    • =Wahlbergella Fr. in Bot. Not. 1843: 143. 1843
    • =Polyschemone Schott in Schott, Nyman & Kotschy, Analect. Bot.: 55. 1854
    • =Behen Moench
    • =Eudianthe (Rchb.) Rchb.
    • =Gastrolychnis (Fenzl) Rchb. f.
    • =Schischkiniella Steenis
    • =Viscago Zinn
    • =Viscaria Röhl.

    Distribution

    AE(G) Ab(A) Ag Al Ar Au(A) Az(C F J L M P T) Be Bl(I M N) Br Bu dCa(C dF G dH dL dP T) Cg Cm Co Cr Cs Ct Cy Da Eg Es Fa Fe Ga(F) Ge Gg(A G) Gr Hb(E) He Ho Hs(A S) Hu Ir Is It LS La Li Lt Lu Ma Md(D M P) Mk Mo No Po Rf(CS E S) Rm Sa Sb Sg Si(M S) Sk Sl Sn Sr Su Tn Tu(A E) Uk [Az(G S) aBe(B)] 

    Euro+Med unknown endemism: Albania native; Algeria native; Armenia native; Austria, with Liechtenstein native (Austria native); Azerbaijan, with Nakhchivan (Azerbaijan native); Azores native (Corvo native, Faial native, Flores native, Graciosa introduced, Pico native, Santa Maria introduced, São Jorge native, São Miguel native, Terceira native); Baleares native (Ibiza native, Mallorca native, Menorca native); Belgium, with Luxembourg native (Belgium casual); Bulgaria native; Canary islands native: doubtfully native (Fuerteventura native: doubtfully native, Gomera native, Gran Canaria native, Hierro native: doubtfully native, La Palma native: doubtfully native, Lanzarote native: doubtfully native, Tenerife native); Corsica native; Crete, with Karpathos native; Crimea native; Croatia native; Cyprus native; Czech Republic native; Denmark native; East Aegean islands native (Greek East Aegean islands native); Egypt native; Estonia native; Faroe islands native; Finland native; Former Yugoslavia native; France, with Channel is. and Monaco (France native); Georgia, with Abkhazia and Adjara native (Abkhazia native, Georgia native); Germany native; Great Britain native; Greece native; Hungary native; Iceland native; Ireland, with N Ireland native (Ireland native); Israel/Palestine native; Israel/Palestine-Jordan native; Italy native; Latvia native; Lebanon-Syria native; Libya native; Lithuania native; Madeira archipelago (Desertas native, Madeira island native, Porto Santo native); Moldova native; Montenegro native; Morocco native; Netherlands native; North Macedonia native; Norway native; Poland native; Portugal native; Romania native; Russia (E European Russia native, North Caucasus native, S European Russia native); Salvage islands native; Sardinia native; Serbia, with Kosovo native; Sicily, with Malta native (Malta native, Sicily native); Sinai native; Slovakia native; Slovenia native; Spain, with Gibraltar and Andorra native (Andorra native, Spain native); Svalbard native; Sweden native; Switzerland native; Tunisia native; Turkey native (Turkey, Asiatic part native, Turkey-in-Europe native); Ukraine native; Ukraine, with Crimea native

    Common Names

    Albanian (Albania): KlokëzaA, LulengjitësjaB; Azerbaijani (Azerbaijan): ГоюнгулағыC, ДағчичәйиD, ДейәнәкотуE, МүрҝүотуF, ОтитесG, Товлу гулағыH; Bulgarian (Bulgaria): ГушевицаI, ПлюскавичеJ, СвиларкаK; Croatian (Croatia): gušavicaL, pušinaM, rumenikaN; Czech (Czech Republic): kohoutekO, silenkaP, smolničkaO; Dutch; Flemish (Netherlands): SileneQ; Estonian (Estonia): PugulillR, PõisrohiS, TulinelkT; German (Germany): HühnerbißU, LeimkrautV, LichtnelkeV,W, TaubenkopfU; Greek, Modern (1453-) (Greece): ΣιληνήX; Hebrew (Israel): צִפָּרְנִיתY, ציפרניתY; Hungarian (Hungary): EnyvesszegfűZ, HabszegfűAA, KakukkszegfűAB, MécsvirágAC, SzegfűbogyóAD, SzurokszegfűZ; Latvian (Latvia): guntiņaT, melnodzeneR, plaukšķeneS; Lithuanian (Lithuania): gaisrenaT, krūmsargėR, naktižiedėS; Romanian (Moldova): Гуша порумбарулуйAE, КуркубеуAF, ЛипичоасэAG, ОпаицэAH, ОпэцелAI, ПлескаицэAJ; Russian (Russia): волдырникR, горицветT, сомлевкаS; Slovak (Slovakia): silenkaAK; Slovenian (Slovenia): LepnicaAL, LučcaAM, SmolnicaAN

    Bibliography

    A. Demiri, M., Flora Ekskursioniste E Shqiperise. 1981
    B. Demiri, M., Flora Ekskursioniste E Shqiperise. 1981 (as Lychnis L.)
    C. Karjagin, I. I., Flora Azerbajdžana 3. 1952
    D. Karjagin, I. I., Flora Azerbajdžana 3. 1952 (as Coronaria Schaeff.)
    E. Karjagin, I. I., Flora Azerbajdžana 3. 1952 (as Cucubalus L.)
    F. Karjagin, I. I., Flora Azerbajdžana 3. 1952 (as Elisanthe Rchb.)
    G. Karjagin, I. I., Flora Azerbajdžana 3. 1952 (as Otites Adans.)
    H. Karjagin, I. I., Flora Azerbajdžana 3. 1952 (as Melandrium Röhl.)
    I. Andreev, N. , Ančev, M. , Kožuharov, S. I. , Markova, M. , Peev, D. & Petrova, A., Opredelitel na visšite rastenija v Bălgarija. 1992 (as Cucubalus L.)
    J. Andreev, N. , Ančev, M. , Kožuharov, S. I. , Markova, M. , Peev, D. & Petrova, A., Opredelitel na visšite rastenija v Bălgarija. 1992
    K. Andreev, N. , Ančev, M. , Kožuharov, S. I. , Markova, M. , Peev, D. & Petrova, A., Opredelitel na visšite rastenija v Bălgarija. 1992 (as Lychnis L.)
    L. Nikolic, T., Flora Croatica. Index florae Croaticae, 1 in Natura Croatica 3, Suppl. 1. 2000 (as Cucubalus L.)
    M. Nikolic, T., Flora Croatica. Index florae Croaticae, 1 in Natura Croatica 3, Suppl. 1. 2000
    N. Nikolic, T., Flora Croatica. Index florae Croaticae, 1 in Natura Croatica 3, Suppl. 1. 2000 (as Lychnis L.)
    O. Klic na kvetene Ceske republiky (as Lychnis L.)
    P. Klic na kvetene Ceske republiky
    Q. Meijden, R. van der, Heukels' Flora van Nederland, ed. 21. 1990
    R. Laasimer, L., Kuusk, V., Tabaka, L. & Lekavičius, A. (ed.), Flora of the Baltic countries. Flora Baltijskich Respublik 1. 1993 (as Cucubalus L.)
    S. Laasimer, L., Kuusk, V., Tabaka, L. & Lekavičius, A. (ed.), Flora of the Baltic countries. Flora Baltijskich Respublik 1. 1993
    T. Laasimer, L., Kuusk, V., Tabaka, L. & Lekavičius, A. (ed.), Flora of the Baltic countries. Flora Baltijskich Respublik 1. 1993 (as Lychnis L.)
    U. Rothmaler, W. (ed. Jäger, E. J.), Exkursionsflora von Deutschland. Gefäßpflanzen: Grundband, ed. 20. 2011 (as Cucubalus L.)
    V. Rothmaler, W. (ed. Jäger, E. J.), Exkursionsflora von Deutschland. Gefäßpflanzen: Grundband, ed. 20. 2011
    W. Rothmaler, W. (ed. Jäger, E. J.), Exkursionsflora von Deutschland. Gefäßpflanzen: Grundband, ed. 20. 2011 (as Lychnis L.)
    X. Kabbadas, D. S., Eikonographemenon botanikon-phytologikon lexikon. 1957–1964
    Y. Danin, A., Flora of Israel Online
    Z. Simon, T., A magyarországi edényes flóra határozója. Harasztok - virágos növények. 1992 (as Viscaria Röhl.)
    AA. Simon, T., A magyarországi edényes flóra határozója. Harasztok - virágos növények. 1992
    AB. Simon, T., A magyarországi edényes flóra határozója. Harasztok - virágos növények. 1992 (as Lychnis L.)
    AC. Simon, T., A magyarországi edényes flóra határozója. Harasztok - virágos növények. 1992 (as Melandrium Röhl.)
    AD. Simon, T., A magyarországi edényes flóra határozója. Harasztok - virágos növények. 1992 (as Cucubalus L.)
    AE. Gejdeman, T. S., Opredelitel' vysših rastenij Moldavskoj SSR, ed. 3. 1986
    AF. Gejdeman, T. S., Opredelitel' vysših rastenij Moldavskoj SSR, ed. 3. 1986 (as Coronaria Schaeff.)
    AG. Gejdeman, T. S., Opredelitel' vysših rastenij Moldavskoj SSR, ed. 3. 1986 (as Steris Adans.)
    AH. Gejdeman, T. S., Opredelitel' vysših rastenij Moldavskoj SSR, ed. 3. 1986 (as Melandrium Röhl.)
    AI. Gejdeman, T. S., Opredelitel' vysših rastenij Moldavskoj SSR, ed. 3. 1986 (as Lychnis L.)
    AJ. Gejdeman, T. S., Opredelitel' vysših rastenij Moldavskoj SSR, ed. 3. 1986 (as Cucubalus L.)
    AK. Marhold, K. & Hindák, F., Zoznam nižších a vyšších rastlín Slovenska. 1998
    AL. Martinčič, A., Mala flora Slovenije, ed. 3. 1999
    AM. Martinčič, A., Mala flora Slovenije, ed. 3. 1999 (as Lychnis L.)
    AN. Martinčič, A., Mala flora Slovenije, ed. 3. 1999 (as Viscaria Röhl.)