Silene dichotoma

Silene dichotoma

Synonymy

Source: Marhold, K. (2011+): Caryophyllaceae. – In: Euro+Med Plantbase - the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity.
Silene dichotoma Ehrh., Beitr. Naturk. 7: 143. 1792
    • =Silene trinervis Banks & Sol. in Russell, Nat. Hist. Aleppo, ed. 2, 2: 252. 1794
    • =Silene racemosa Otth, Prodr. 1: 384. 1824
    • Silene dichotoma subsp. racemosa (Otth) Graebn. in Ascherson & Graebner, Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 5: (2) 93. 1920
    • =Silene sibthorpiana Rchb., Fl. Germ. Excurs.: 815. 1832
    • =Silene dichotoma subsp. praedichotoma (P. Candargy) Rech. f. in Denkschr. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 105: (1) 166. 1943
    • =Silene dichotoma subsp. sibthorpiana (Rchb.) Rech. f. in Denkschr. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 105: (1) 166. 1943
    • =Silene mathei Pénzes

    Distribution

    AE(G) Bu Cg Cm Cr Ct Cy Es Gr Hu Ir It Jo LS La Lt Mk Mo Rm Sl Sr Tu(A E) Uk [Ag Au(A) Co aDa aFe Ga(F) Ge Hs(S) aNo Po Sk aSu] 

    Euro+Med not endemicA,B: Algeria introducedC; Austria, with Liechtenstein (Austria introducedD); Bulgaria nativenativeC,E,F; Corsica introducedC,F,G; Crete, with Karpathos nativeC,F,H; Crimea nativenativeC,F; Croatia nativenativeI,J,K; Cyprus nativeC; Denmark casual; East Aegean islands nativeC (Greek East Aegean islands nativeB); Estonia nativeL; Finland casual; Former Yugoslavia nativenativeC,F; France, with Channel is. and Monaco (France introducedC,F,M,N); Germany introducedintroducedN,O,P; Greece nativeC,F,H; Hungary nativenativeN,Q; Israel/Palestine nativeR,S; Israel/Palestine-Jordan nativeC,T; Italy, with San Marino and Vatican City native; Jordan nativeU,V; Latvia nativeL; Lebanon-Syria nativeC; Lithuania nativeL; Moldova nativeW; Montenegro nativeX; North Macedonia nativeY; Norway casual; Poland introducedN,Z; Romania nativenativeAA,F; Serbia, with Kosovo nativeAB; Slovakia introducedAC; Slovenia nativenativeAD; Spain, with Gibraltar and Andorra (Spain introducedintroducedAE,AF); Sweden casual; Turkey native (Turkey, Asiatic part nativeAG,C, Turkey-in-Europe nativenativeAG,C,F); Ukraine nativeAH,AI; Ukraine, with Crimea nativeAH,AI

    Common Names

    Bulgarian (Bulgaria): Дихотомно плюскавичеAJ; Croatian (Croatia): rašljastogrozdasta pušinaAK; Czech (Czech Republic): silenka rozsochatáAL; Danish (Denmark): Gaffel-limurtAM; Dutch; Flemish (Netherlands): GaffelsileneAN; English (Great Britain): Forked CatchflyAO; Finnish (Finland): hankakohokkiAP, kaakonhankakohokkiAQ; French (France): Silène bifurquéAR, Silène dichotomeAR, Silène fourchuAR; French (Switzerland): Silène fourchueAS; German (Germany): Gabel-LeimkrautAT; German (Switzerland): Gabeliges LeimkrautAU; Greek, Modern (1453-) (Greece): Σιληνή η ΣιβθόρπειοςAV, Σιληνή η διχότομοςAW; Hebrew (Israel): צִפָּרְנִית עֲנֵפָהAX; Hungarian (Hungary): Villás habszegfűAY; Italian (Switzerland): Silene dicotomaAZ; Norwegian (Norway): gaffelsmelleAM; Polish (Poland): Lepnica dwudzielnaBA; Romanian (Moldova): Гуша порумбарулуй дихотомэW; Russian (Russia): смолевка вильчатаяL; Slovak (Slovakia): silenka pavidlicovitáAC; Slovenian (Slovenia): Vilasta lepnicaAD; Swedish (Sweden & Finland): anatolisk gaffelglimAQ, gaffelglimAP; Swedish (Sweden): gaffelglimAM; Turkish (Turkey): NakilBB

    Bibliography

    A. Burdet, H. M. 1993: Compléments au prodrome de la flore corse. Annexe 3 [Gamisans, J. & Jeanmonod, D.]. – Genève
    B. Strid, A. & Tan, K. 1997: Flora Hellenica 1. – Königstein
    C. Greuter, W., Burdet, H. M. & Long, G. 1984: Med-Checklist 1. – Genève & Berlin (as Silene dichotoma subsp. racemosa (Otth) Graebn.)
    D. Adler, W., Oswald, K. & Fischer, R. 1994: Exkursionsflora von Österreich. – Stuttgart & Wien
    E. Andreev, N. , Ančev, M. , Kožuharov, S. I. , Markova, M. , Peev, D. & Petrova, A. 1992: Opredelitel na visšite rastenija v Bălgarija. – Sofija: Nauka i izkustvo (as Silene dichotoma subsp. racemosa (Otth) Graebn.)
    F. Tutin, T. G., Heywood, V. H., Burges, N. A., Valentine, D. H., Walters, S. M. & Webb, D. A. 1964–1980: Flora europaea 1-5. – Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (as Silene dichotoma subsp. racemosa (Otth) Graebn.)
    G. Burdet, H. M. 1993: Compléments au prodrome de la flore corse. Annexe 3 [Gamisans, J. & Jeanmonod, D.]. – Genève (as Silene dichotoma subsp. racemosa (Otth) Graebn.)
    H. Strid, A. & Tan, K. 1997: Flora Hellenica 1. – Königstein (as Silene dichotoma subsp. racemosa (Otth) Graebn.)
    I. Nikolić, T. 1994: Flora Croatica, Index Florae Croaticae. – Zagreb: Croatian Natural History Museum (as Silene dichotoma subsp. racemosa (Otth) Graebn.)
    J. Nikolić, T. 2020: Flora Croatica. Vaskularna flora Republike Hrvatske 2. – Zagreb (as Silene dichotoma subsp. racemosa (Otth) Graebn.)
    K. Nikolić, T. 2020: Flora Croatica. Vaskularna flora Republike Hrvatske 2. – Zagreb
    L. Laasimer, L., Kuusk, V., Tabaka, L. & Lekavičius, A. (ed.) 1993: Flora of the Baltic countries. Flora Baltijskich Respublik 1. – Tartu: Estonian Academy of Sciences
    M. Greuter, W., Burdet, H. M. & Long, G. 1984: Med-Checklist 1. – Genève & Berlin
    N. Tutin, T. G., Heywood, V. H., Burges, N. A., Valentine, D. H., Walters, S. M. & Webb, D. A. 1964–1980: Flora europaea 1-5. – Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
    O. Rothmaler, W. H. P. 2000: Exkursionsflora von Deutschland. Gefäßpflanzen: Atlasband 10, ed. 10, 3
    P. Wisskirchen, R. & Haeupler, H. 1998: Standardliste der Farn- und Blütenpflanzen Deutschlands. – Stuttgart
    Q. Horváth, F., Dobolyi, Z. K., Morschhauser, T, Lőkös, L., Karas, L. & Szerdahelyi, T. 1995: Flóra adatbázis 1.2. Taxon-lista és attribútum allomány. – Vácrátót
    R. Ali-Shtayeh, M. S., Jamous, R. M. & Abuzaitoun, S. Y. 2022: Analysis of floristic composition and species diversity of vascular plants native to the State of Palestine (West Bank and Gaza Strip). – Biodivers. Data J. 10(e80427): 1-24. http://doi.org/10.3897/BDJ.10.e80427
    S. Ali-Shtayeh, M. S., Jamous, R. M. & Abuzaitoun, S. Y. 2022: Analysis of floristic composition and species diversity of vascular plants native to the State of Palestine (West Bank and Gaza Strip). – Biodivers. Data J. 10(e80427): 1-24. http://doi.org/10.3897/BDJ.10.e80427 (as Silene dichotoma subsp. racemosa (Otth) Graebn.)
    T. Feinbrun, N. 1966: Flora Palaestina 1 (as Silene trinervis Banks & Sol.)
    U. Taifour, H. & El-Oqlah, A. A. 2017: The plants of Jordan. An annotated checklist. – Kew: Royal Botanic Gardens
    V. Taifour, H. & El-Oqlah, A. A. 2017: The plants of Jordan. An annotated checklist. – Kew: Royal Botanic Gardens (as Silene dichotoma subsp. racemosa (Otth) Graebn.)
    W. Gejdeman, T. S. 1986: Opredelitel' vysših rastenij Moldavskoj SSR, ed. 3. – Kisinev: Shtiintza
    X. Pulević, V. 2005: Građa za vaskularnu floru Crne Gore. – Podgorica
    Y. Micevski, K. 1993: Flora na Republika Makedonija 1(2). – Skopje: Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts
    Z. Mirek, Z. 1995: Vascular plants of Poland. A Checklist. – Polish Botanical Studies Guidebook Series 15
    AA. Ciocîrlan, V. 1988: Flora Ilustrata a României 1. – Bucureşti: Editura Ceres (as Silene dichotoma subsp. racemosa (Otth) Graebn.)
    AB. Stevanović, V. 2012: Flora Srbije 2. – Beograd: Srpska Akademija Nauka i Umetnosti
    AC. Marhold, K. & Hindák, F. 1998: Zoznam nižších a vyšších rastlín Slovenska. – Bratislava
    AD. Martinčič, A. 1999: Mala flora Slovenije, ed. 3. – Ljubljana
    AE. Bolòs, O. de, Vigo, J., Masalles, R. M. & Ninot, J. M. 1990: Flora manual dels països catalans. – Barcelona
    AF. Castroviejo, S. 1990: Flora Iberica. Plantas vasculares de la Península Ibérica e Islas Baleares. 2
    AG. Güner, A. 2012: Türkiye Bitkileri Listesi. – Istanbul (as Silene dichotoma subsp. racemosa (Otth) Graebn.)
    AH. Mosyakin, S. L. & Fedoronchuk, M. M. 1999: Vascular plants of Ukraine. A nomenclatural checklist. – Kiev: M. G. Kholodny Institute of Botany, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
    AI. Prokudin, J. N. 1987: Opredelitel’ vysših rastenij Ukrainy. – Kiev: Naukova Dumka
    AJ. Andreev, N. , Ančev, M. , Kožuharov, S. I. , Markova, M. , Peev, D. & Petrova, A. 1992: Opredelitel na visšite rastenija v Bălgarija. – Sofija: Nauka i izkustvo
    AK. Nikolić, T. 2000: Flora Croatica. Index florae Croaticae, 1. – Natura Croatica 3, Suppl. 1 (as Silene dichotoma subsp. racemosa (Otth) Graebn.)
    AL. Klic na kvetene Ceske republiky
    AM. Jonsell, B. 2001: Flora Nordica 2
    AN. Meijden, R. van der 1990: Heukels' Flora van Nederland, ed. 21. – Groningen
    AO. Dony, J. G., Jury, S. L. & Perring, F. H. 1986: English Names of Wild Flowers, a list recommended by the Botanical Society of the British Isles, ed. 2
    AP. Kurtto, A., Lampinen, R., Piirainen, M. & Uotila, P. 2019: Checklist of the vascular plants of Finland. Suomen putkilokasvien luettelo. – Helsinki: Finnish Museum of Natural History LUOMUS
    AQ. Kurtto, A., Lampinen, R., Piirainen, M. & Uotila, P. 2019: Checklist of the vascular plants of Finland. Suomen putkilokasvien luettelo. – Helsinki: Finnish Museum of Natural History LUOMUS (as Silene dichotoma subsp. racemosa (Otth) Graebn.)
    AR. 2006: Tela Botanica, Le réseau de la botanique francophone – http://www.tela-botanica.org/
    AS. Aeschimann, D. & Heitz, C. 1996: Index synonymique de la flore de Suisse et territoires limitrophes (ISFS). – Genève
    AT. Rothmaler, W. (ed. Jäger, E. J.) 2011: Exkursionsflora von Deutschland. Gefäßpflanzen: Grundband, ed. 20. – Heidelberg: Spektrum
    AU. Aeschimann, D. & Heitz, C. 1996: Synonymie-Index der Schweizer Flora und der angenzenden Gebiete
    AV. Kabbadas, D. S. 1957–1964: Eikonographemenon botanikon-phytologikon lexikon. – Athenai (as Silene sibthorpiana Rchb.)
    AW. Kabbadas, D. S. 1957–1964: Eikonographemenon botanikon-phytologikon lexikon. – Athenai
    AX. Danin, A.: Flora of Israel Online – http://flora.huji.ac.il
    AY. Simon, T. 1992: A magyarországi edényes flóra határozója. Harasztok - virágos növények. – Budapest
    AZ. Aeschimann, D. & Heitz, C. 1996: Indice sinonimico della Flora della Svizzera e territori limitrofi
    BA. Mirek, Z. 1995: Vascular plants of Poland. A Checklist.
    BB. Akaydın, G. 2009: Beytepe bitkileri