Silene latifolia

Silene latifolia

Synonymy

Source: Marhold, K. (2011+): Caryophyllaceae. – In: Euro+Med Plantbase - the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity.
Silene latifolia Poir., Voy. Barbarie 2: 165. 1789
    • =Lychnis alba Mill., Gard. Dict., ed. 8: no. 4. 1768
    • Melandrium album (Mill.) Garcke, Fl. Nord-Mittel-Deutschl., ed. 6: 55. 1863
    • Silene alba (Mill.) E. H. L. Krause in Sturm, Deutschl. Fl. 5: 98. 1901, nom. illeg. [non Silene alba Britton]
    • Silene latifolia subsp. alba (Mill.) Greuter & Burdet in Willdenowia 12: 189. 1982
    • =Lychnis vespertina Sibth., Fl. Oxon.: 146. 1794, nom. illeg.
    • =Melandrium pratense (Rafn) Röhl. in Hoffmann, Deutschl. Fl. 2: 274. 1812
    • =Lychnis divaricata Rchb., Iconogr. Bot. Pl. Crit. 4: 3. 1826
    • =Lychnis macrocarpa Boiss. & Reut. in Biblioth. Universelle Genève, n.s., 38: 200. 1842
    • =Melandrium divaricatum (Rchb.) Fenzl in Ledebour, Fl. Ross. 1: 328. 1842
    • =Silene pratensis (Rafn) Godr. in Grenier & Godron, Fl. France 1: 216. 1847
    • =Melandrium eriocalycinum Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. 1: 78. 1854
    • Melandrium album subsp. eriocalycinum (Boiss.) Hayek in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 30: (1) 286. 1924
    • Silene alba subsp. eriocalycina (Boiss.) Walters in Feddes Repert. 69: 48. 1964
    • Silene latifolia subsp. eriocalycina (Boiss.) Greuter & Burdet in Feddes Repert. 69: 48. 1964
    • Silene pratensis subsp. eriocalycina (Boiss.) McNeill & H. C. Prent. in Taxon 30: 30. 1981
    • =Melandrium macrocarpum (Boiss.) Willk., Icon. Descr. Pl. Nov. 1(8): 28. 1855
    • =Melandrium marizianum Gand. in Bull. Soc. Bot. France 56: 106. 1909
    • Silene alba subsp. mariziana (Gand.) Franco, Nova Fl. Portugal 1: 550. 1971
    • Silene pratensis subsp. mariziana (Gand.) McNeill & H. C. Prent. in Taxon 30: 30. 1981
    • Silene latifolia subsp. mariziana (Gand.) Greuter & Burdet in Willdenowia 12: 189. 1982
    • =Melandrium album subsp. divaricatum (Rchb.) Grande in Bull. Orto Bot. Regia Univ. Napoli 3: 209. 1913
    • =Melandrium boissieri Schischk. in Grossheim, Sosnowsky & Schischkin, Fl. Tiflisa 1: 205. 1925
    • =Melandrium latifolium (Poir.) Maire in Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 27: 211. 1936
    • =Silene alba subsp. divaricata (Rchb.) Walters in Feddes Repert. 69: 48. 1964
    • =Silene pratensis subsp. divaricata (Rchb.) McNeill & H. C. Prent. in Taxon 30: 30. 1981
    • =Melandrium album subsp. divaricatum (Rchb.) Hayek
    • =Melandrium album subsp. eu-album Hayek

    Distribution

    Ag Al Ar Au(A) Be Br Bu Cg Cm Co -Cr Ct Da Es Ga(F) Ge Gr He Ho Hs(A S) It LS La Lt Lu Ma Mk Mo No Rm Sa Si(M S) dSk Sl Sr Su Tn Tu(A E) [nFe cHb(E) aIs] 

    Euro+Med endemicA,B,C,D,E,F,G,H,I,J,K,L: Albania nativeG,H,I,M,N,O,P,Q,R,S; Algeria nativeG,H,I,N; Armenia nativeT; Austria, with Liechtenstein nativeO (Austria nativeU); Belgium, with Luxembourg nativeO; Bulgaria nativeAA,AB,AC,AD,AE,AF,AG,AH,G,H,I,N,O,P,Q,R,V,W,X,Y,Z; Corsica nativeAI,D,E,F,G,H,I,N,O,P,Q,R; Crete, with Karpathos native: reported in errorG,H,I,N; Crimea nativeAJ,AK,AL,AM,G,H,I,N,O,P,Q,R; Croatia nativeAN,AO,AP; Denmark nativeAQ,O; Estonia nativeAR; Finland naturalisedAQ; Former Yugoslavia nativeG,H,I,N,O,P,Q,R; France, with Channel is. and Monaco (France nativeG,H,I,N,O,P,Q,R); Germany nativeAS,AT,AU,O; Great Britain nativeO; Greece nativeAV,AW,G,H,I,J,K,L,N,O,P,Q,R; Iceland casualAX,AY; Ireland, with N Ireland (Ireland cultivatedAZ); Italy, with San Marino and Vatican City nativeG,H,I,N,O,P,Q,R; Latvia nativeAR; Lebanon-Syria nativeG,H,I,N; Lithuania nativeAR; Moldova nativeBA; Montenegro nativeBB,BC; Morocco nativeBD,BE,BF,BG,G,H,I,N; Netherlands nativeBH,O; North Macedonia nativeBI,BJ,BK,BL; Norway nativeAQ,BM,O; Portugal nativeBN,BO,BP,BQ,G,H,I,N,O,P,Q,R; Romania nativeBR,BS,O,R; Sardinia nativeG,H,I,N,O,P,Q,R; Serbia, with Kosovo nativeBT; Sicily, with Malta nativeO,R (Malta nativeG,H,I,N, Sicily nativeG,H,I,N); Slovakia native: doubtfully nativeBU; Slovenia nativeBV; Spain, with Gibraltar and Andorra nativeG,H,I,N,O,P,Q,R (Andorra nativeBW,BX, Spain nativeA,BO,BP,C); Sweden nativeAQ,BY,BZ,O; Switzerland nativeCA,O; Tunisia nativeG,H,I,N; Turkey (Turkey, Asiatic part nativeG,H,I,N, Turkey-in-Europe nativeCB,G,H,I,N,O,P,Q,R); Ukraine, with Crimea nativeAJ,AL,CC,CD

    Common Names

    Albanian (Albania): Klokëza e bardhëCE; Azerbaijani (Azerbaijan): Буассийе товлу гулағыCF; Bulgarian (Bulgaria): Бяло плюскавичеCG; Catalan; Valencian (Spain): melandri blancCH; Croatian (Croatia): bijela širokolisna pušinaCI, širokolisna pušinaCJ; Czech (Czech Republic): Silenka širolistá bíláCK; Danish (Denmark): Aften-PragtstjerneAQ; Dutch; Flemish (Netherlands): AvondkoekoeksbloemCL; English (Great Britain): White CampionCM; Estonian (Estonia): Valge pusurohiCN; Finnish (Finland): ilta-ailakkiCO, valkoailakkiCP; French (France): Lychnis à grosses grainesCQ, Silène à feuilles largesCQ, Silène à larges feuillesCQ; French (Switzerland): Compagnon-blancCR, Silène blancheCR, Silène des prèsCR; Gaelic; Scottish Gaelic (Ireland): Coireán bánCS; Galician (Spain): asubiosCH, asubioteCH, asubiotesCH, cabaciñasCH, dioicaCH, herba do subiotesCH, herba dos asubiotesCH, herba dos subiotesCH, ollos de CristoCH, subrilotesCH; German (Germany): Weiße LichtnelkeCT, Weiße NachtnelkeCT; German (Switzerland): Weisse WaldnelkeCU; Greek, Modern (1453-) (Greece): Σιληνή η φυσκώδηςCV; Hungarian (Hungary): Fehér mécsvirágCW; Icelandic (Iceland): AftanstjarnaAX, rökkurstjarnaAQ; Italian (Switzerland): Silene pratenseCX; Latvian (Latvia): baltā spulgotneCN; Lithuanian (Lithuania): baltažiedis šakinysCN, baltažiedė naktižiedėCN; Norwegian (Norway): kvit jonsokblomAQ; Polish (Poland): Bniec białyCY; Portuguese (Portugal): alfabaga silvestreCH, assobioCH; Romanian (Moldova): Опаицэ албэCZ; Russian (Russia): дрема белаяCN, смолевка белаяCN; Slovak (Slovakia): silenka bielaDA, silenka biela praváBU; Slovenian (Slovenia): Beli slizekDB; Spanish; Castilian (Spain): albahaca montesinaCH, albahaca turcaCH, borbonesaCH, colleja blancaCH, doble campeónCH, jabonera blancaCH; Swedish (Sweden & Finland): vitbläraCP; Swedish (Sweden): vitbläraAQ; Valencian (Spain): cunillet bortCH; Welsh (Wales): Gludlys GwynDC

    Bibliography

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    B. Bolòs, O. de, Vigo Bonada, J., Masalles, R. M. & Ninot, J. M. 1990: Flora manual dels països catalans. – Barcelona (as Silene latifolia subsp. mariziana (Gand.) Greuter & Burdet)
    C. Bolòs, O. de, Vigo Bonada, J., Masalles, R. M. & Ninot, J. M. 1990: Flora manual dels països catalans. – Barcelona (as Silene latifolia Poir. subsp. latifolia)
    D. Burdet, H. M. 1993: Compléments au prodrome de la flore corse. Annexe 3 [Gamisans, J. & Jeanmonod, D.]. – Genève (as Silene latifolia subsp. alba (Mill.) Greuter & Burdet)
    E. Burdet, H. M. 1993: Compléments au prodrome de la flore corse. Annexe 3 [Gamisans, J. & Jeanmonod, D.]. – Genève (as Silene latifolia subsp. mariziana (Gand.) Greuter & Burdet)
    F. Burdet, H. M. 1993: Compléments au prodrome de la flore corse. Annexe 3 [Gamisans, J. & Jeanmonod, D.]. – Genève (as Silene latifolia Poir. subsp. latifolia)
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    S. Vangjeli, J. 2017: Flora Albanica. Atlas 1. – Schmitten-Obereifenberg: Koeltz (as Silene alba (Mill.) E. H. L. Krause)
    T. Takhtajan, A. L. 1956: Flora Armenii 2. – Erevan: Armenian Academy of Sciences (as Silene latifolia Poir. subsp. latifolia)
    U. Adler, W., Oswald, K. & Fischer, R. 1994: Exkursionsflora von Österreich. – Stuttgart & Wien (as Silene latifolia subsp. alba (Mill.) Greuter & Burdet)
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    W. Andreev, N. , Ančev, M. , Kožuharov, S. I. , Markova, M. , Peev, D. & Petrova, A. 1992: Opredelitel na visšite rastenija v Bălgarija. – Sofija: Nauka i izkustvo (as Silene latifolia subsp. eriocalycina (Boiss.) Greuter & Burdet)
    X. Andreev, N. , Ančev, M. , Kožuharov, S. I. , Markova, M. , Peev, D. & Petrova, A. 1992: Opredelitel na visšite rastenija v Bălgarija. – Sofija: Nauka i izkustvo (as Silene latifolia subsp. mariziana (Gand.) Greuter & Burdet)
    Y. Andreev, N. , Ančev, M. , Kožuharov, S. I. , Markova, M. , Peev, D. & Petrova, A. 1992: Opredelitel na visšite rastenija v Bălgarija. – Sofija: Nauka i izkustvo (as Silene alba subsp. eriocalycina (Boiss.) Walters)
    Z. Andreev, N. , Ančev, M. , Kožuharov, S. I. , Markova, M. , Peev, D. & Petrova, A. 1992: Opredelitel na visšite rastenija v Bălgarija. – Sofija: Nauka i izkustvo (as Silene latifolia subsp. alba (Mill.) Greuter & Burdet)
    AA. Andreev, N. , Ančev, M. , Kožuharov, S. I. , Markova, M. , Peev, D. & Petrova, A. 1992: Opredelitel na visšite rastenija v Bălgarija. – Sofija: Nauka i izkustvo (as Silene alba (Mill.) E. H. L. Krause subsp. alba)
    AB. Andreev, N. , Ančev, M. , Kožuharov, S. I. , Markova, M. , Peev, D. & Petrova, A. 1992: Opredelitel na visšite rastenija v Bălgarija. – Sofija: Nauka i izkustvo (as Silene alba subsp. divaricata (Rchb.) Walters)
    AC. Greuter, W., Burdet, H. M. & Long, G. 1984: Med-Checklist 1. – Genève & Berlin (as Silene alba (Mill.) E. H. L. Krause subsp. alba)
    AD. Greuter, W., Burdet, H. M. & Long, G. 1984: Med-Checklist 1. – Genève & Berlin (as Silene alba subsp. divaricata (Rchb.) Walters)
    AE. Greuter, W., Burdet, H. M. & Long, G. 1984: Med-Checklist 1. – Genève & Berlin (as Silene alba subsp. eriocalycina (Boiss.) Walters)
    AF. Tutin, T. G., Heywood, V. H., Burges, N. A., Valentine, D. H., Walters, S. M. & Webb, D. A. 1964–1980: Flora europaea 1-5. – Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (as Silene alba subsp. divaricata (Rchb.) Walters)
    AG. Tutin, T. G., Heywood, V. H., Burges, N. A., Valentine, D. H., Walters, S. M. & Webb, D. A. 1964–1980: Flora europaea 1-5. – Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (as Silene alba (Mill.) E. H. L. Krause subsp. alba)
    AH. Tutin, T. G., Heywood, V. H., Burges, N. A., Valentine, D. H., Walters, S. M. & Webb, D. A. 1964–1980: Flora europaea 1-5. – Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (as Silene alba subsp. eriocalycina (Boiss.) Walters)
    AI. Burdet, H. M. 1993: Compléments au prodrome de la flore corse. Annexe 3 [Gamisans, J. & Jeanmonod, D.]. – Genève (as Silene latifolia subsp. eriocalycina (Boiss.) Greuter & Burdet)
    AJ. Prokudin, J. N. 1987: Opredelitel’ vysših rastenij Ukrainy. – Kiev: Naukova Dumka (as Silene latifolia Poir. subsp. latifolia)
    AK. Prokudin, J. N. 1987: Opredelitel’ vysših rastenij Ukrainy. – Kiev: Naukova Dumka (as Silene latifolia subsp. eriocalycina (Boiss.) Greuter & Burdet)
    AL. Prokudin, J. N. 1987: Opredelitel’ vysših rastenij Ukrainy. – Kiev: Naukova Dumka (as Silene latifolia subsp. alba (Mill.) Greuter & Burdet)
    AM. Prokudin, J. N. 1987: Opredelitel’ vysših rastenij Ukrainy. – Kiev: Naukova Dumka (as Silene latifolia subsp. mariziana (Gand.) Greuter & Burdet)
    AN. Nikolić, T. 1994: Flora Croatica, Index Florae Croaticae. – Zagreb: Croatian Natural History Museum (as Silene latifolia Poir. subsp. latifolia)
    AO. Nikolić, T. 1994: Flora Croatica, Index Florae Croaticae. – Zagreb: Croatian Natural History Museum (as Silene latifolia subsp. alba (Mill.) Greuter & Burdet)
    AP. Nikolić, T. 2020: Flora Croatica. Vaskularna flora Republike Hrvatske 2. – Zagreb
    AQ. Jonsell, B. 2001: Flora Nordica 2 (as Silene latifolia subsp. alba (Mill.) Greuter & Burdet)
    AR. Laasimer, L., Kuusk, V., Tabaka, L. & Lekavičius, A. (ed.) 1993: Flora of the Baltic countries. Flora Baltijskich Respublik 1. – Tartu: Estonian Academy of Sciences (as Silene latifolia subsp. alba (Mill.) Greuter & Burdet)
    AS. Rothmaler, W. H. P. 1994: Exkursionsflora von Deutschland, 4. Gefäßpflanzen: Kritischer Band, ed. 8. – Jena, Stuttgart (as Silene latifolia subsp. alba (Mill.) Greuter & Burdet)
    AT. Rothmaler, W. H. P. 2000: Exkursionsflora von Deutschland. Gefäßpflanzen: Atlasband 10, ed. 10, 3 (as Silene latifolia subsp. alba (Mill.) Greuter & Burdet)
    AU. Wisskirchen, R. & Haeupler, H. 1998: Standardliste der Farn- und Blütenpflanzen Deutschlands. – Stuttgart (as Silene latifolia subsp. alba (Mill.) Greuter & Burdet)
    AV. Strid, A. & Tan, K. 1997: Flora Hellenica 1. – Königstein (as Silene latifolia subsp. eriocalycina (Boiss.) Greuter & Burdet)
    AW. Vladimirov, V., Dane, F. & Tan, K. 2013: New floristic records in the Balkans: 23. – Phytologia Balcanica 19: 373-399
    AX. Wasowicz, P. 2020: Annotated checklist of vascular plants of Iceland. – Garðabæ: Náttúrufræðistofnun Íslands. http://doi.org/10.33112/1027-832X.57
    AY. Wasowicz, P., Przedpelska-Wasowicz, E. M. & Kristinsson, H. 2013: Alien vascular plants in Iceland: Diversity, spatial patterns, temporal trends, and the impact of climate change. – Flora 208: 648-673 (as Silene latifolia subsp. alba (Mill.) Greuter & Burdet)
    AZ. Webb, D. A., Parnell, J. & Doogue, D. 1996: An Irish Flora. – Dundalk
    BA. Gejdeman, T. S. 1986: Opredelitel' vysših rastenij Moldavskoj SSR, ed. 3. – Kisinev: Shtiintza (as Silene latifolia subsp. alba (Mill.) Greuter & Burdet)
    BB. Pulević, V. 2005: Građa za vaskularnu floru Crne Gore. – Podgorica (as Silene latifolia Poir. subsp. latifolia)
    BC. Rohlena, J. 1942: Conspectus florae montenegrinae. – Preslia. Věstník (Časopis) československé botanické společnosti 20-21: 1-506 (as Melandrium album (Mill.) Garcke)
    BD. Fennane, M., Ibn Tattou, M., Mathez, J., Ouyahya, A. & Oualidi, J. 1999: Flore Pratique du Maroc 1 (as Silene latifolia subsp. mariziana (Gand.) Greuter & Burdet)
    BE. Fennane, M., Ibn Tattou, M., Mathez, J., Ouyahya, A. & Oualidi, J. 1999: Flore Pratique du Maroc 1 (as Silene latifolia subsp. alba (Mill.) Greuter & Burdet)
    BF. Fennane, M., Ibn Tattou, M., Mathez, J., Ouyahya, A. & Oualidi, J. 1999: Flore Pratique du Maroc 1 (as Silene latifolia subsp. eriocalycina (Boiss.) Greuter & Burdet)
    BG. Fennane, M., Ibn Tattou, M., Mathez, J., Ouyahya, A. & Oualidi, J. 1999: Flore Pratique du Maroc 1 (as Silene latifolia Poir. subsp. latifolia)
    BH. Duistermaat, H., Sparrius, L. B. & Denters, T. 2021: Standaardlijst van de Nederlandse flora 2020. – Gorteria; mededelingenblad ten dienste van de floristiek en het vegetatie-onderzoek van Nederland 43: 109-156 (as Silene latifolia subsp. alba (Mill.) Greuter & Burdet)
    BI. Micevski, K. 1993: Flora na Republika Makedonija 1(2). – Skopje: Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts (as Silene alba (Mill.) E. H. L. Krause subsp. alba)
    BJ. Micevski, K. 1993: Flora na Republika Makedonija 1(2). – Skopje: Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts (as Silene alba subsp. eriocalycina (Boiss.) Walters)
    BK. Micevski, K. 1993: Flora na Republika Makedonija 1(2). – Skopje: Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts (as Silene latifolia subsp. alba (Mill.) Greuter & Burdet)
    BL. Micevski, K. 1993: Flora na Republika Makedonija 1(2). – Skopje: Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts (as Silene alba subsp. divaricata (Rchb.) Walters)
    BM. Lid, D. T. 1994: Norsk Flora, ed. 6. – Oslo (as Silene latifolia subsp. alba (Mill.) Greuter & Burdet)
    BN. Castroviejo, S. 1990: Flora Iberica. Plantas vasculares de la Península Ibérica e Islas Baleares. 2 (as Silene latifolia subsp. eriocalycina (Boiss.) Greuter & Burdet)
    BO. Castroviejo, S. 1990: Flora Iberica. Plantas vasculares de la Península Ibérica e Islas Baleares. 2 (as Silene latifolia Poir. subsp. latifolia)
    BP. Castroviejo, S. 1990: Flora Iberica. Plantas vasculares de la Península Ibérica e Islas Baleares. 2 (as Silene latifolia subsp. alba (Mill.) Greuter & Burdet)
    BQ. Castroviejo, S. 1990: Flora Iberica. Plantas vasculares de la Península Ibérica e Islas Baleares. 2 (as Silene latifolia subsp. mariziana (Gand.) Greuter & Burdet)
    BR. Ciocîrlan, V. 1988: Flora Ilustrata a României 1. – Bucureşti: Editura Ceres (as Silene latifolia subsp. alba (Mill.) Greuter & Burdet)
    BS. Ciocîrlan, V. 1988: Flora Ilustrata a României 1. – Bucureşti: Editura Ceres (as Silene latifolia Poir. subsp. latifolia)
    BT. Stevanović, V. 2012: Flora Srbije 2. – Beograd: Srpska Akademija Nauka i Umetnosti (as Silene latifolia subsp. alba (Mill.) Greuter & Burdet)
    BU. Marhold, K. & Hindák, F. 1998: Zoznam nižších a vyšších rastlín Slovenska. – Bratislava (as Silene latifolia subsp. alba (Mill.) Greuter & Burdet)
    BV. Martinčič, A. 1999: Mala flora Slovenije, ed. 3. – Ljubljana
    BW. Carrillo, E., Mercadé, A., Ninot, J. M., Carreras, J., Ferré, A. & Font, X. 2008: Check-list i Llista vermella de la flora d’Andorra
    BX. Castroviejo, S. 1990: Flora Iberica. Plantas vasculares de la Península Ibérica e Islas Baleares. 2
    BY. Karlsson, T. 1998: Förteckning över svenska kärlväxter. – Svensk botanisk tidskrift utgifven af svenska botaniska föreningen 91(5): 241-560 (as Silene latifolia subsp. alba (Mill.) Greuter & Burdet)
    BZ. Krok, T. O. B. N. & Almquist, S. O. I. 1994: Svensk Flora: Fanerogamer och ormbunksvaxter 27, ed. 27. – Stockholm (as Silene latifolia subsp. alba (Mill.) Greuter & Burdet)
    CA. Aeschimann, D. & Burdet, H. M. 1994: Flore de la Suisse, ed. 2. – Neuchâtel (as Silene latifolia subsp. alba (Mill.) Greuter & Burdet)
    CB. Güner, A. 2012: Türkiye Bitkileri Listesi. – Istanbul (as Silene latifolia subsp. alba (Mill.) Greuter & Burdet)
    CC. Mosyakin, S. L. & Fedoronchuk, M. M. 1999: Vascular plants of Ukraine. A nomenclatural checklist. – Kiev: M. G. Kholodny Institute of Botany, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (as Silene latifolia subsp. alba (Mill.) Greuter & Burdet)
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