Cichorium pumilum

Cichorium pumilum

Synonymy

Source: Greuter, W. (2006+): Compositae (pro parte majore). – In: Greuter, W. & Raab-Straube, E. von (ed.): Compositae. Euro+Med Plantbase - the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity.
Cichorium pumilum Jacq., Observ. Bot. 4: 3. 1771
  • Cichorium intybus subsp. pumilum (Jacq.) Ball in J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 16: 534. 1878
  • Cichorium endivia subsp. pumilum (Jacq.) Cout., Cout., Fl. Portugal 1953. . 1913.: 662
  • =Cichorium divaricatum Schousb. in Kongel. Danske Vidensk.-Selsk. Skr. 1: 197. 1800
  • Cichorium endivia subsp. divaricatum (Schousb.) P. D. Sell in Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 71: 240. 1976
  • "Cichorium endivia" sensu As’ov & al. 20021; sensu Chrtek & Slavík 19932; sensu Sampaio 19473
  • 1. As’ov, B., Petrova, A., Dimitrov, D. & al., Konspekt na visšata flora na Bălgarija, ed. 2. 2002, 2. Chrtek, J. & Slavík, B., Contribution to the flora of Cyprus 2 in Flora Mediterranea 3: 239-259. 1993, 3. Sampaio, G., Flora portuguesa, ed. 2. 1947

Distribution

AE(G) Ab(A) Ag Al Bl(I M N) Bu Ca(dC dF dG ?H dL dP dT) Cg Co Cr Ct Cy Eg Ga(F †M) Gr Hs(G S) Ir It Jo Le Li Lu Ma Md(dM dP) Sa Si(M S) Sn Sy Tn Tu(A E) [nAz(L) aBe(B) aGe aHe aPo] 

Euro+Med not endemic: Albania nativeA; Algeria nativeB; Azerbaijan, with Nakhchivan (Azerbaijan nativeC); Azores (Flores naturalisedD); Baleares (Ibiza nativeE,F,G, Mallorca nativeF,H, Menorca nativeF,I); Belgium, with Luxembourg casualJ (Belgium casualK); Bulgaria nativeA,L,M,N,O; Canary islands nativeB (Fuerteventura native: doubtfully nativeP,Q, Gomera native: doubtfully nativeP,Q, Gran Canaria native: doubtfully nativeP,Q, Hierro native: presence questionableR, La Palma native: doubtfully nativeP,Q, Lanzarote native: doubtfully nativeP,Q, Tenerife native: doubtfully nativeP,Q); Corsica nativeS; Crete, with Karpathos nativeA,N,T,U,V,W,X,Y; Croatia nativeAA,Z; Cyprus nativeAB,AC,AD,AE,AF,AG,AH; East Aegean islands (Greek East Aegean islands nativeAI,T,U,Y); Egypt nativeAB,AJ,AK,B; Former Yugoslavia nativeA; France, with Channel is. and Monaco (France nativeA,AL,AM,AN,AO,AP,AQ,G, Monaco native: formerly nativeAR); Germany casualAS; Greece nativeA,AT,N,U,V,Y; Israel/Palestine nativeAU,AV,T; Italy nativeA,AW,AX,AY,AZ; Jordan nativeAV,BA,BB; Lebanon nativeAU,BC,BD,T; Libya nativeB,BE,BF,BG; Madeira archipelago nativeB (Madeira island native: doubtfully nativeBH,Q, Porto Santo native: doubtfully nativeBH,Q); Montenegro nativeAX,BI,N; Morocco nativeB,BJ,BK,BL; Poland casualBM,BN; Portugal nativeA,BO,BP,F; Sardinia nativeAW,AZ,BQ,BR; Sicily, with Malta nativeA (Malta nativeBS, Sicily nativeAW,AX,AY,AZ,BT); Sinai nativeAE; Spain, with Gibraltar and Andorra nativeA (Gibraltar nativeBU,BV,BW, Spain nativeBV,BW,BX,E,G); Switzerland casualBY; Syria nativeAU,AV,BC; Tunisia nativeB,BZ; Turkey (Turkey, Asiatic part nativeAI,AU,CA,T,Y, Turkey-in-Europe nativeA,CB,CC)

Common Names

Arabic (Lebanon): خُرْويعCD, عِلْتCD, مَقْدCD, هِنْدَبا قَزِمَةCD; Arabic (Syria): خُرْويعCE, عِلْتCE, مَقْدCE, هِنْدَبا قَزِمَةCE; French (Corse): Chicorée naineCF; Italian (Italy): Endivia selvaticaAY; Swedish (Sweden): KlubbcikoriaCG

Bibliography

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N. Hayek, A. von, Prodromus florae peninsulae balcanicae, 2 in Repertorium specierum novarum regni vegetabilis. Beihefte 30(2). 1928–1931
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Q. Hansen, A. & Sunding, P., Flora of Macaronesia. Checklist of vascular plants. 4th revised edition in Sommerfeltia 17. 1993 (as Cichorium endivia subsp. divaricatum (Schousb.) P. D. Sell)
R. Stierstorfer, C. & Gaisberg, M. von, Annotated checklist and distribution of the vascular plants of El Hierro, Canary Islands, Spain in Englera 27: 1-221. 2006 (as Cichorium endivia subsp. divaricatum (Schousb.) P. D. Sell)
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T. Boissier, E., Flora orientalis 3. 1875 (as Cichorium divaricatum Schousb.)
U. Dimopoulos, P., Raus, Th., Bergmeier, E. & al., Vascular Plants of Greece. An annotated checklist in Englera 31. 2013
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X. Jahn, R. & Schönfelder, P., Exkursionsflora für Kreta. 1995 (as Cichorium endivia subsp. divaricatum (Schousb.) P. D. Sell)
Y. Rechinger, K. H., Flora aegaea. Flora der Inseln und Halbinseln des Ägäischen Meeres in Denkschriften, Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Klasse 105(1). 1944
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AA. Nikolić, T., Flora Croatica. Index florae Croaticae, 3 in Natura Croatica 9, Suppl. 1. 2000 (as Cichorium endivia subsp. divaricatum (Schousb.) P. D. Sell)
AB. Boissier, E., Flora orientalis. Suppl. 1888 (as Cichorium divaricatum Schousb.)
AC. Chrtek, J. & Slavík, B., Contribution to the flora of Cyprus 2 in Flora Mediterranea 3: 239-259. 1993 (as Cichorium endivia)
AD. Della, A., The Cyprus flora in checklist format. 1999 (as Cichorium endivia f. divaricatum)
AE. Heller, D. & Heyn, C. C., Conspectus florae orientalis 8. 1993 (as Cichorium endivia subsp. divaricatum (Schousb.) P. D. Sell)
AF. Meikle, R. D., Flora of Cyprus 2. 1985 (as Cichorium endivia f. divaricatum)
AG. Osorio-Tafall, B. H. & Serafim, G. M., List of the vascular plants of Cyprus. 1973
AH. Viney, D. E., An illustrated flora of North Cyprus 1. 1994 (as Cichorium endivia f. divaricatum)
AI. Davis, P. H., Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 5. 1975
AJ. Boulos, L., Flora of Egypt 3. 2002 (as Cichorium endivia subsp. divaricatum (Schousb.) P. D. Sell)
AK. Täckholm, V., Students’ flora of Egypt, ed. 2. 1974
AL. Anonymous [Association Tela Botanica], Tela Botanica. Flore électronique. Flores en ligne, France métropolitaine (as Cichorium endivia subsp. pumilum (Jacq.) Cout.)
AM. Coste, H., Flore descriptive et illustrée de la France 2. 1902–1903 (as Cichorium divaricatum Schousb.)
AN. Coste, H., Flore descriptive et illustrée de la France. Suppl. 6 [Jovet, P., Vilmorin, R. de & Kerguélen, M.]. 1985 (as Cichorium endivia subsp. pumilum (Jacq.) Cout.)
AO. Fournier, P., Les quatre flores de la France, Corse comprise. 1934–1940 (as Cichorium endivia subsp. pumilum (Jacq.) Cout.)
AP. Guinochet, M. & Vilmorin, R. de, Flore de France 4. 1982 (as Cichorium endivia subsp. divaricatum (Schousb.) P. D. Sell)
AQ. Tison, J.-M. & de Foucault, B. 2014: Flora Gallica
AR. Médail, F., Diadema, K. & Salanon, R., Inventaire de la flore terrestre spontanée de la Principauté de Monaco in Journal de Botanique de la Société de botanique de France 39: 37-55. 2007 (as Cichorium endivia subsp. pumilum (Jacq.) Cout.)
AS. Buttler, K. P. & Harms, K. H., Florenliste von Baden-Württemberg, Liste der Farn- und Samenpflanzen (Pteridophyta et Spermatophyta). in Naturschutz-Praxis, Artenschutz 1. 1999
AT. Halácsy, E. de, Supplementum secundum conspectus florae graecae in Magyar botanikai lapok 11: 114-202. 1912
AU. Post, G. E., Flora of Syria, Palestine, and Sinai, 2 [Dinsmore, J. E.], 2. 1933
AV. Zohary, M. & Feinbrun-Dothan, N., Flora Palaestina 3 (Text) [Feinbrun-Dothan, N.]. 1978
AW. Conti, F. & al., Integrazioni alla checklist della flora vascolare italiana. Updating of the checklist of the Italian vascular flora in Natura Vicentina 10: 5-74. 2007
AX. Fiori, A., Nuova flora analitica d’Italia 2. 1925–1929 (as Cichorium intybus var. pumilum)
AY. Pignatti, S., Flora d'Italia 3. 1982
AZ. Zangheri, P., Flora italica 1 (Testo). 1976 (as Cichorium endivia subsp. pumilum (Jacq.) Cout.)
BA. Al-Eisawi, D., List of Jordan vascular plants in Mitteilungen (aus) der Botanischen Staatssammlung München 18: 79-182. 1982
BB. Kasapligil, B., Plants of Jordan with notes on their ecology and economic uses. 1956
BC. Mouterde, P., Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie 3, Texte. 1978–1984
BD. Tohmé, G. & Tohmé, H., Illustrated flora of Lebanon. 2007
BE. Ali, S. I. & Jafri, S. M. H., Flora of Libya 107 [Alavi, S. A.]. 1983
BF. Boulos, L., A check-list of the Libyan flora 3. Compositae (by C. Jeffrey) in Candollea 34: 307-332. 1979 (as Cichorium endivia subsp. pumilum (Jacq.) Cout.)
BG. Pampanini, R., Prodromo della flora cirenaica. 1931
BH. Jardim, R. & Menezes de Sequeira, M. - Lista das plantas vasculares (Pteridophyta e Spermatophyta) in Borges, P. A. V., Abreu, C., Franquinho Aguiar, A. M. & al., Listagem dos fungos, flora e fauna terrestra dos arquipélagos da Madeira e Selvagens. 2008 (as Cichorium endivia subsp. divaricatum (Schousb.) P. D. Sell)
BI. Rohlena, J., Conspectus florae montenegrinae in Preslia. Věstník (Časopis) československé botanické společnosti 20-21: 1-506. 1942
BJ. Jahandiez, E. & Maire, R., Catalogue des plantes du Maroc 3. 1934 (as Cichorium intybus subsp. pumilum (Jacq.) Ball)
BK. Nègre, R., Petite flore des régions arides du Maroc occidental 2. 1962 (as Cichorium intybus subsp. pumilum (Jacq.) Ball)
BL. Valdés, B., Rejdali, M., Achhal El Kadmiri, A. & al., Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du nord du Maroc, incluant des clés d’identification 2. 2002
BM. Mirek, Z., Piękoś-Mirkova, H., Zając, A. & al., Flowering plants and pteridophytes of Poland. A Checklist. in Biodiversity Poland 1. 2002 (as Cichorium endivia subsp. divaricatum (Schousb.) P. D. Sell)
BN. Rostański, K. & Sowa, R., Alfabetyczny wyzak efemerofitów Polski in Fragmenta floristica et geobotanica 31-32: 151-205. 1987
BO. Coutinho, A. X. P., A flora de Portugal, ed. 2. 1939 (as Cichorium endivia subsp. pumilum (Jacq.) Cout.)
BP. Sampaio, G., Flora portuguesa, ed. 2. 1947 (as Cichorium endivia)
BQ. Arrigoni, P. V., Flora dell'isola di Sardegna 5. 2015
BR. Bacchetta, G., Mayoral Garcia Berlanga, O. & Podda, L., Catálogo de la flora exótica de la isla de Cerdeña (Italia) in Flora Montiberica 41: 35-61. 2009 (as Cichorium endivia subsp. pumilum (Jacq.) Cout.)
BS. Haslam, S. L., Sell, P. D. & Wolseley, P. A., A flora of the Maltese Islands. 1977 (as Cichorium endivia subsp. divaricatum (Schousb.) P. D. Sell)
BT. Giardina, G., Raimondo, F. M. & Spadaro, V. 2007: A catalogue of plants growing in Sicily. – Bocconea 20
BU. Linares, L., Checklist of the Gibraltar flora in Alectoris 8: 30-48. 1993 (as Cichorium endivia subsp. divaricatum (Schousb.) P. D. Sell)
BV. Smythies, B. E., Flora of Spain and the Balearic Islands. Checklist of vascular plants, 1 in Englera; Veröffentlichungen aus dem botanischen Garten und botanischen Museum, Berlin-Dahlem 3: 1-212. 1984 (as Cichorium endivia subsp. divaricatum (Schousb.) P. D. Sell)
BW. Willkomm, M. & Lange, J., Prodromus florae hispanicae 2. 1865–1870 (as Cichorium divaricatum Schousb.)
BX. Valdés, B., Talavera, S. & Fernández-Galiano, E., Flora vascular de Andalucía occidental 3. 1987 (as Cichorium endivia subsp. divaricatum (Schousb.) P. D. Sell)
BY. Schinz, H. & Keller, R., Flora der Schweiz, ed. 3, 2. 1914
BZ. Pottier-Alapetite, G., Flore de la Tunisie 2. 1981 (as Cichorium intybus subsp. pumilum (Jacq.) Ball)
CA. Güner, A. 2012: Türkiye Bitkileri Listesi
CB. Seçmen, Ö. & Leblebici, E., Gökçeada ve Bozcaada adalarının vejetasyon ve florası. II. Florası in Bitki; Turkish journal of plant science 5: 271-368. 1978
CC. Webb, D. A., The flora of European Turkey in Proceedings of the royal irish academy. Section B, biological, geological and chemical sciences 65/B/1: 1-100. 1966
CD. Nehmé, M., Dictionnaire Etymologique de la Flore du Liban. 2000
CE. Nehmé, M., Etymological Dictionary of Syrian Flora. 2008
CF. Gamisans, J., Flora Corsica. 2007 (as Cichorium endivia subsp. pumilum (Jacq.) Cout.)
CG. Karlsson & Thomas, Checklista över Nordens kärlväxter (as Cichorium endivia subsp. pumilum (Jacq.) Cout.)