Sonchus

Sonchus

Synonymy

Source: Greuter, W. (2006+): Compositae (pro parte majore). – In: Greuter, W. & Raab-Straube, E. von (ed.): Compositae. Euro+Med Plantbase - the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity.
Sonchus L., Sp. Pl.: 793. 1753
    • =Aetheorhiza Cass. in Cuvier, Dict. Sci. Nat. 48: 425. 1827
    • =Atalanthus D. Don in Edinburgh New Philos. J. 6: 311. 1829
    • Taeckholmia Boulos in Bot. Not. 120: 97. 1967, nom. illeg.
    • =Prenanthes subg. Chrysoprenanthes Sch. Bip. in Webb & Berthelot, Hist. Nat. Iles Canaries 3(2,2): 420. 1849
    • Chrysoprenanthes (Sch. Bip.) Bramwell in Bot. Macaronés. 24: 182. 2003
    • =Sonchus subg. Lactucosonchus Sch. Bip. in Webb & Berthelot, Hist. Nat. Iles Canaries 3(2,2): 426. 1850
    • Lactucosonchus (Sch. Bip.) Svent. in Cabezón & al., Index Sem. Hort. Acclim. Pl. Arautapae 1968: 53. 1969
    • Wildpretia U. Reifenb. & A. Reifenb. in Vieraea 25: 203. 1997, nom. illeg.
    • =Sventenia Font Quer in Collect. Bot. (Barcelona) 2: 201. 1949
    • =Babcockia Boulos in Bull. Jard. Bot. Etat 35: 64. 1965

    Distribution

    AE(G T) Ab(A N) Ag Al Ar Au(A L) ?Az(T) BH Be(B L) Bl(I M N) Br Bu By Ca(C F G H L P T) Cg Cm Co Cr Cs Ct Cy Da Eg Es Fa Fe Ga(C F M) Ge Gg Gr Hb(E N) He Ho Hs(A G S) Hu Ir It Jo La Le Li Lt Lu Ma Md(D M P) Mk Mo No Po Rf(C CS E K N NW S) Rm Sa dSg Si(M S) Sk Sl Sn Sr Su Sy Tn Tu(A E) Uk [pAz(C F G J L M P S) aIs] 

    Euro+Med: Albania native; Algeria native; Armenia native; Austria, with Liechtenstein native (Austria native, Liechtenstein native); Azerbaijan, with Nakhchivan (Azerbaijan native, Nakhchivan native); Azores native: presence questionable (Corvo introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisation, Faial introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisation, Flores introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisation, Graciosa introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisation, Pico introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisation, Santa Maria introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisation, São Jorge introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisation, São Miguel introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisation, Terceira native); Baleares native (Ibiza native, Mallorca native, Menorca native); Belarus native; Belgium, with Luxembourg native (Belgium native, Luxembourg native); Bosnia-Herzegovina native; Bulgaria native; Canary islands native (Fuerteventura native, Gomera native, Gran Canaria native, Hierro native, La Palma native, Lanzarote native, Tenerife native); Corsica native; Crete, with Karpathos native; Crimea native; Croatia native; Cyprus native; Czech Republic native; Denmark native; East Aegean islands (Greek East Aegean islands native, Turkish East Aegean islands native); Egypt native; Estonia native; Faroe islands native; Finland native; Former Yugoslavia native; France, with Channel is. and Monaco (Channel islands native, France native, Monaco native); Georgia, with Abkhazia and Adjara native; Germany native; Great Britain native; Greece native; Hungary native; Iceland casual; Ireland, with N Ireland native (Ireland native, Northern Ireland native); Israel/Palestine native; Italy native; Jordan native; Latvia native; Lebanon native; Libya native; Lithuania native; Madeira archipelago native (Desertas native, Madeira island native, Porto Santo native); Moldova native; Montenegro native; Morocco native; Netherlands native; North Macedonia native; Norway native; Poland native; Portugal native; Romania native; Russia (C European Russia native, E European Russia native, Kaliningrad region native, N European Russia native, NW European Russia native, North Caucasus native, S European Russia native); Salvage islands native: doubtfully native; Sardinia native; Serbia, with Kosovo native; Sicily, with Malta native (Malta native, Sicily native); Sinai native; Slovakia native; Slovenia native; Spain, with Gibraltar and Andorra native (Andorra native, Gibraltar native, Spain native); Sweden native; Switzerland native; Syria native; Tunisia native; Turkey (Turkey, Asiatic part native, Turkey-in-Europe native); Ukraine native; Ukraine, with Crimea native

    Common Names

    Albanian (Albania): EteoricaA, RrëshyellB; Arabic (Lebanon): أَثـْيوريزَةC, تِفافD; Arabic (Syria): تِفافE; Armenian (Armenia): ԻշամառոլF, ԿաթնբեկF; Bulgarian (Bulgaria): КострецG; English (Great Britain): Sow-thistleH; Estonian (Estonia): PiimohakasI; French (Corse): LaiteronJ; German (Germany): GänsedistelK; Hebrew (Israel): מָרוֹרL, מרורL, נִיסָנִיתM, ניסניתM; Italian (Italy): GrespinoN, RadicchiellaO; Latvian (Latvia): MīkstpieneI; Polish (Poland): MleczP; Romanian (Moldova): СусайQ; Russian (Armenia): ОсотF; Swedish (Sweden): MolkarR

    Bibliography

    A. Vangjeli, J. (ed.), Flore de l'Albanie 4. 2000 (as Aetheorhiza Cass.)
    B. Vangjeli, J. (ed.), Flore de l'Albanie 4. 2000
    C. Nehmé, M., Dictionnaire Etymologique de la Flore du Liban. 2000 (as Aetheorhiza Cass.)
    D. Nehmé, M., Dictionnaire Etymologique de la Flore du Liban. 2000
    E. Nehmé, M., Etymological Dictionary of Syrian Flora. 2008
    F. Flora of Armenia 9. 1995
    G. Andreev, N. , Ančev, M. , Kožuharov, S. I. , Markova, M. , Peev, D. & Petrova, A., Opredelitel na visšite rastenija v Bălgarija. 1992
    H. Dony, J. G., Jury, S. L. & Perring, F. H., English Names of Wild Flowers, a list recommended by the Botanical Society of the British Isles, ed. 2. 1986
    I. Kuusk, V., Tabaka, L. & Jankjavičene, R., Flora baltijskich respublik. Flora of the Baltic countries. 3. 2003
    J. Gamisans, J., Flora Corsica. 2007
    K. Rothmaler, W., Exkursionsflora von Deutschland, 4: Gefäßpflanzen: Kritischer Band, ed. 10. 2005
    L. Danin, A., Flora of Israel Online
    M. Danin, A., Flora of Israel Online (as Aetheorhiza Cass.)
    N. Pignatti, S., Flora d'Italia 3. 1982
    O. Pignatti, S., Flora d'Italia 3. 1982 (as Aetheorhiza Cass.)
    P. Mirek, Z., Piękoś-Mirkova, H., Zając, A. & al., Flowering plants and pteridophytes of Poland. A Checklist. in Biodiversity Poland 1. 2002
    Q. Gejdeman, T. S., Opredelitel' vysših rastenij Moldavskoj SSR, ed. 3. 1986
    R. Karlsson & Thomas, Checklista över Nordens kärlväxter