Source: Greuter, W. (2006+): Compositae (pro parte majore). – In: Greuter, W. & Raab-Straube, E. von (ed.): Compositae. Euro+Med Plantbase - the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity.
Helminthotheca Zinn, Cat. Pl. Hort. Gott.: 430. 1757
  • Helminthia Juss., Gen. Pl.: 170, 468. 1789, nom. illeg.


AE(G) Ab(A) Ag Al Au(A) BH Be(dL) Bl(I M N) dBr Bu Ca(dC dF dG dL dP dT) Cg Cm Co Cr Ct Cy ?Eg Ga(C F M) Gg Gr dHb(E N) He Ho Hs(A G S) Ir It Jo Le Li Lu Ma Md(dD dM dP) Mk Rf(CS) Sa Si(M S) dSk Sl Sr Sy Tn Tu(A E) [Au(aL) pAz(C F G J L M P S T) Be nCa(H) aCs Da nGe Hu aLa aLt No nPo Rm] 

Euro+Med: Albania native; Algeria native; Austria, with Liechtenstein introduced (Austria native, Liechtenstein casual); Azerbaijan (Azerbaijan (core) native); Azores (Corvo introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisation, Faial introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisation, Flores introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisation, Graciosa introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisation, Pico introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisation, Santa Maria introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisation, São Jorge introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisation, São Miguel introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisation, Terceira introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisation); Baleares native (Ibiza native, Mallorca native, Menorca native); Belgium, with Luxembourg introduced (Luxembourg native: doubtfully native); Bosnia-Herzegovina native; Bulgaria native; Canary islands native (Fuerteventura native: doubtfully native, Gomera native: doubtfully native, Gran Canaria native: doubtfully native, Hierro naturalised, La Palma native: doubtfully native, Lanzarote native: doubtfully native, Tenerife native: doubtfully native); Corsica native; Crete, with Karpathos native; Crimea native; Croatia native; Cyprus native; Czech Republic casual; Denmark introduced; East Aegean islands (Greek East Aegean islands native); Egypt native: presence questionable; Former Yugoslavia native; France, with Channel is. and Monaco (Channel islands native, France native, Monaco native); Georgia native; Germany naturalised; Great Britain native: doubtfully native; Greece native; Hungary introduced; Ireland, with N Ireland native: doubtfully native (Ireland native: doubtfully native, Northern Ireland native: doubtfully native); Israel/Palestine native; Italy, with San Marino and Vatican City native; Jordan native; Latvia casual; Lebanon native; Libya native; Lithuania casual; Madeira archipelago native (Desertas native: doubtfully native, Madeira island native: doubtfully native, Porto Santo native: doubtfully native); Montenegro native; Morocco native; Netherlands native; North Macedonia native; Norway introduced; Poland naturalised; Portugal native; Romania introduced; Russia (North Caucasus native); Sardinia native; Serbia, with Kosovo native; Sicily, with Malta native (Malta native, Sicily native); Slovakia native: doubtfully native; Slovenia native; Spain, with Gibraltar and Andorra native (Andorra native, Gibraltar native, Spain native); Switzerland native; Syria native; Tunisia native; Turkey (Turkey, Asiatic part native, Turkey-in-Europe native); Ukraine, with Crimea native

Common Names

Finnish (Finland): muikiotA; French (Corse): PicrideB; Hebrew (Israel): תּוֹלַעֲנִיתC, תולעניתC; Swedish (Sweden & Finland): lyktfibblorA


A. Kurtto, A., Lampinen, R., Piirainen, M. & Uotila, P. 2019: Checklist of the vascular plants of Finland. Suomen putkilokasvien luettelo. – Helsinki: Finnish Museum of Natural History LUOMUS
B. Gamisans, J. 2007: Flora Corsica
C. Danin, A.: Flora of Israel Online – http://flora.huji.ac.il