Cichorium intybus

Cichorium intybus

Synonymy

Source: Greuter, W. (2006+): Compositae (pro parte majore). – In: Greuter, W. & Raab-Straube, E. von (ed.): Compositae. Euro+Med Plantbase - the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity.
Cichorium intybus L., Sp. Pl.: 813. 1753
    • =Cichorium intybus var. sativum DC. in Lamarck & Candolle, Fl. Franç., ed. 3, 4: 68. 1805
    • Cichorium intybus f. sativum (DC.) Bisch., Beitr. Fl. Deutschl.: 26. 1851
    • Cichorium intybus subsp. sativum (DC.) Janch. in Phyton (Horn) 8: 239. 1959
    • =Cichorium glaucum Hoffmanns. & Link, Fl. Portug. 2: 178. 1825–1828
    • Cichorium intybus subsp. glaucum (Hoffmanns. & Link) Tzvelev in Komarov, Fl. SSSR 29: 17. 1964
    • =Cichorium glabratum C. Presl, Fl. Sicul.: xxxii. 1826
    • Cichorium intybus subsp. glabratum (C. Presl) Arcang., Comp. Fl. Ital.: 413. 1882
    • =Cichorium hirsutum Gren. in Acad. Sci. Besançon, Séance Publique 1838: 137. 1838
    • =Cichorium balearicum Porta in Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 19: 311. 1887
    • Cichorium intybus subsp. balearicum (Porta) Gand., Nov. Consp. Fl. Eur.: 314. 1910
    • =Cichorium intybus var. foliosum Hegi, Ill. Fl. Mitt.-Eur. 6: 997. 1928
    • Cichorium intybus subsp. foliosum (Hegi) Janch. in Phyton (Horn) 8: 240. 1959
    • Cichorium intybus subsp. sylvestre, nom. inval.

    Distribution

    AE(G T) Ab(A N) Ag Al Ar Au(A L) BH Be(B L) Bl(I M N) Br Bu By Cg Cm Co Cr Cs Ct Cy Da Es Ga(C F) Ge Gg Gr He Ho Hs(A S) Hu -Ir It Jo La Le Lt Lu Ma Mk Mo Po Rf(C CS E K N NW S) Rm Sa Si(M S) Sk Sl Sr Su Sy Tn Tu(A E) Uk [pAz(C F G J L M P S T) aFe nHb(E N) cLi nNo] 

    Euro+Med not endemic: Albania nativeA,B,C,D,E; Algeria nativeF; Armenia nativeG,H,I; Austria, with Liechtenstein nativeC (Austria nativeJ,K, Liechtenstein nativeL); Azerbaijan (Azerbaijan (core) nativeG,H,M, Nakhchivan nativeG,M); Azores (Corvo introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisationN,O,P, Faial introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisationN,O,P, Flores introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisationN,O,P, Graciosa introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisationN,O,P, Pico introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisationN, Santa Maria introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisationN,O,P, São Jorge introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisationN,O,P, São Miguel introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisationN,O,P, Terceira introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisationN,O,P); Baleares nativeC,Q,R,S (Ibiza nativeR,T, Mallorca nativeR,T,U, Menorca nativeR,T,V); Belarus nativeH,W; Belgium, with Luxembourg nativeC (Belgium nativeX,Y, Luxembourg nativeY,Z); Bosnia-Herzegovina nativeAA,AB; Bulgaria nativeC,AC,AD,AE,AF; Corsica nativeC,AG,AH,AI,AJ,AK,AL,AM; Crete, with Karpathos nativeC,AB,AN,AO,AP,AQ,AR; Crimea nativeC,W,AN,AS,AT,AU,AV,AW,AX; Croatia nativenativeAB,AY,AZ,BA; Cyprus nativeBB,BC,BD,BE,BF; Czech Republic nativeBG,BH,BI,BJ,BK,BL; Denmark nativeC,BM; East Aegean islands (Greek East Aegean islands nativeAO,AR, Turkish East Aegean islands nativeBN); Estonia nativeBO,BP; Finland casualC,BQ; Former Yugoslavia nativeC; France, with Channel is. and Monaco (Channel islands nativeBR, France nativeC,T,AJ,BS,BT,BU,BV,BW,BX); Georgia nativeG,H,BY,BZ,CA; Germany nativeC,X,CB,CC,CD; Great Britain nativeC,CE; Greece nativeC,AE,AN,AO,AR,CF,CG,CH,CI; Hungary nativeC,CJ,CK; Ireland, with N Ireland (Ireland naturalisedCL,CM,CN, Northern Ireland naturalisedCL,CM); Israel/Palestine native: reported in errorCO; Italy, with San Marino and Vatican City nativenativeC,AY,CP,CQ,CR,CS,CT,CU; Jordan nativeCV,CW,CX; Latvia nativeBP,CY; Lebanon nativeAN,CW,CZ,DA; Libya cultivatedDB,DC; Lithuania nativeBP; Moldova nativeH,W,DD; Montenegro nativeAB,DE; Morocco nativeF,DF,DG,DH; Netherlands nativeC,DI,DJ,DK; North Macedonia nativeAB,AE,DL,DM,DN,DO,DP,DQ,DR; Norway naturalisedDS; Poland nativeC; Portugal nativeDT; Romania nativeC,AB,DU,DV; Russia (C European Russia nativeH,W, E European Russia nativeH,W, Kaliningrad region nativeDW, N European Russia nativeH, NW European Russia nativeH,W, North Caucasus nativeG,H,DX,DY, S European Russia nativeH,W); Sardinia nativeDZ; Serbia, with Kosovo nativeAB,AY,EA; Sicily, with Malta nativeC (Malta nativeEB,EC, Sicily nativeAY,CP,CQ,CR,CT,ED,EE,EF); Slovakia nativeBH,BI,EG; Slovenia nativeEH,EI,EJ; Spain, with Gibraltar and Andorra nativeC (Andorra nativeDT,EK, Spain nativeQ,T,DT,EL,EM,EN,EO); Sweden nativeC,EP,EQ; Switzerland nativeC,ER,ES,ET; Syria nativeCW,CZ; Tunisia nativeF,EU; Turkey nativeEV (Turkey, Asiatic part nativeAN,EW, Turkey-in-Europe nativeC,AR,BN,EW,EX); Ukraine nativeH,W,AU; Ukraine, with Crimea nativeEY

    Common Names

    Albanian (Albania): KoreEZ, ÇikoreEZ; Arabic (Lebanon): هِنْدَبا بَرِّيَّةFA; Arabic (Syria): هِنْدَبا بَرِّيَّةFB; Aragonese (Spain): achicoriaFC, achicoria amargaFC, achicorias amargasFC, amargónFC, chicoinaFC, chicoiraFC, chicoriaFC, chicoriasFC, chocainaFC, chocoriaFC, flor de nocheFC, usilloFC; Armenian (Armenia): Ճարճատուկ սովորականFD; Asturian; Bable; Leonese; Asturleonese (Spain): chicoriaFC, escarolaFC; Basque (Spain): basatxicoriaFC, basatxikoriaFC, endibiaFC, orikatxaFC, orikatxoFC, oster-zuriFC, osterchuriaFC, osterchuriyaFC, txicoriFC, txikoriFC, txikori orikatxaFC, txikoriaFC, txikoroFC, xikoreFC, xikoriFC; Bulgarian (Bulgaria): Грапавоплодна синя жлъчкаAC; Catalan; Valencian (Spain): cama-rojaFC, camarotjaFC, endíviaFC, escarola bordaFC, mastagueraFC, mastagueresFC, mastegueraFC, masteguera bordaFC, mastegueresFC, màstec bordFC, màstecsFC, màsterecsFC, xicoiaFC, xicoinaFC, xicoiraFC, xicoira amargaFC, xicoriaFC, xicoria amargaFC, xicòriaFC, xicòria de cafèFC; Corsican (Corse): CrispinuFE, Erba amaraFE; Czech (Czech Republic): Čekanka obecnáFF, Čekanka obecná setáFG; Danish (Denmark): CikorieFH; English (Great Britain): ChicoryFI; Estonian (Estonia): Harilik sigurFJ; Finnish (Finland): SikuriFH, sikuriFK; French (Belgium): Barbe de capucinFL, ChiconFL, ChicoréeFM, Chicorée amèreFL, Chicorée blondeFL, Chicorée de BruxellesFL, Chicorée rougeFL, Chicorée sauvageFN, EndiveFL, WitlofFL; French (Corse): Chicorée amèreFE; French (France): Chicorée amèreFO, Chicorée sauvageFO; French (Switzerland): ChicoréeFP, EndiveFP, WitloofFP; Galician (Spain): achicroyaFC, almeiraoFC, chicoiraFC, chicoriaFC, chicoria do cafeFC, chicoria do caféFC, leitariaFC, leitarugaFC, leitugaFC, leiturgaFC, tarreloFC, tarrieloFC, terreloFC; German (Germany): Gewöhnliche WegwarteFQ; German (Switzerland): WegwarteFR, ZichorieFR; High Aragonese (Spain): amargónFC, chicoinaFC, chicoiraFC, chicoriaFC, chocoriaFC, flor de nocheFS; Italian (Italy): Cicoria comuneFT; Italian (Switzerland): Cicoria comuneFU, RadicchioFU; Latvian (Latvia): Parastais cigoriņšFV; Lithuanian (Lithuania): Paprastoji trūkažolėFV; Majorcan (Baleares): cama-rojaFS; Majorcan (Mallorca): cama-rojaFS, cama-roja de caluixFS, cama-roja de perdiuFS, cama-roja dolçaFS, cama-rotjaFS, camarotjaFS, camarotjesFS, endiviFS; Norwegian (Norway): SikoriFW; Polish (Poland): Cykoria podróżnikFX, Cykoria podróżnik siewnaFY; Portuguese (Portugal): almeiramFS, almeiroaFS, almeiroasFS, almeirâoFS, almiroaFS, chicoriaFS, chicoria bravaFS, chicoria dos camposFS, chicória do caféFS, chicória-do-caféFS, intubaceoFS, intuboFS, xicórias bravasFS; Romanian (Moldova): Чикоарэ комунэFZ; Russian (Armenia): Цикорий обыкновенныйGA; Spanish; Castilian (Spain): abaleaFS, achicoreaFS, achicoriaFS, achicoria amargaFS, achicoria bordeFS, achicoria bravaFS, achicoria de baleaFS, achicoria de hojeraFS, achicoria silvestreFS, achicoriasFS, achicorias amargasFS, aguachicoriaFS, almeirónFS, almerónFS, almironesFS, almirónFS, almirón amargoFS, almirón de AndalucíaFS, amargónFS, azapuercoFS, azuletesFS, baleaFS, baleoFS, camarojaFS, camarrojaFS, camarroyaFS, chicoriaFS, chicoria amargaFS, chicoria azulFS, chicoria blancaFS, chicoria comúnFS, chicoria de boticaFS, chicoria locaFS, chicoria negraFS, chicoria silvestreFS, chicoriasFS, cicoriaFS, endiviaFS, endivia silvestreFS, escamarrojaFS, escarolaFS, escobaFS, escoba rastreraFS, farineraFS, jarritasFS, lecherinaFS, mamporrinaFS, mazapuercoFS, pimpollaFS, porrinosFS, ramaoyaFS, ripiasFS, salcilloFS, ternasolFS, ternasolesFS; Swedish (Sweden & Finland): cikoriaGB; Swedish (Sweden): CikoriaGC, SallatscikoriaGD, VägvårdaFW; Ukrainian (Ukraine): Петрові батогиGE, Цикорій дикийGE; Valencian (Spain): cama-rojaFS, camarotjaFS, chicoinaFS, chicoriaFS, chicoria bordaFS, fuellFS, xacòinaFS, xicoiaFS, xicoiraFS, xicoriaFS

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    CU. Zangheri, P. 1976: Flora italica 1 (Testo). – Padova (as Cichorium intybus var. glabratum)
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    CX. Taifour, H. & El-Oqlah, A. A. 2017: The plants of Jordan. An annotated checklist. – Kew: Royal Botanic Gardens
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    EE. Giardina, G., Raimondo, F. M. & Spadaro, V. 2007: A catalogue of plants growing in Sicily. – Bocconea 20 (as Cichorium intybus var. glabratum)
    EF. Giardina, G., Raimondo, F. M. & Spadaro, V. 2007: A catalogue of plants growing in Sicily. – Bocconea 20 (as Cichorium intybus var. intybus)
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    EQ. Krok, T. O. B. N. & Almquist, S. O. I. 1994: Svensk Flora: Fanerogamer och ormbunksvaxter 27, ed. 27. – Stockholm
    ER. Aeschimann, D. & Burdet, H. M. 1994: Flore de la Suisse, ed. 2. – Neuchâtel
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    EZ. Vangjeli, J. (ed.) 2000: Flore de l'Albanie 4
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    FD. Takhtajan, A. L. 1995: Flora of Armenia 9
    FE. Gamisans, J. 2007: Flora Corsica
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    FG. Jindřich Chrtek: Seznam vyšších rostlin květeny České republiky – http://www.ibot.cas.cz/nastenka/index.php (as Cichorium intybus subsp. foliosum (Hegi) Janch.)
    FH. Den virtuella floran – http://linnaeus.nrm.se/flora/welcome.html
    FI. Dony, J. G., Jury, S. L. & Perring, F. H. 1986: English Names of Wild Flowers, a list recommended by the Botanical Society of the British Isles, ed. 2
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    FK. Kurtto, A., Lampinen, R., Piirainen, M. & Uotila, P. 2019: Checklist of the vascular plants of Finland. Suomen putkilokasvien luettelo. – Helsinki: Finnish Museum of Natural History LUOMUS
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    FM. Mauhin, F. 2007: Les noms français des plantes vasculaires de Belgique et des Régions voisines – http://www.lessources-cnb.be (as Cichorium intybus var. sativum DC.)
    FN. Mauhin, F. 2007: Les noms français des plantes vasculaires de Belgique et des Régions voisines – http://www.lessources-cnb.be
    FO. 2006: Tela Botanica, Le réseau de la botanique francophone – http://www.tela-botanica.org/
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    FR. Aeschimann, D. & Heitz, C. 1996: Synonymie-Index der Schweizer Flora und der angenzenden Gebiete
    FS. anonymous 2010: Anthos. Information System of the plants of Spain. Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC - Fundación Biodiversidad – http://www.anthos.es/ (as Cichorium intybus L.)
    FT. Pignatti, S. 1982: Flora d'Italia 3. – Bologna (as Cichorium intybus L.)
    FU. Aeschimann, D. & Heitz, C. 1996: Indice sinonimico della Flora della Svizzera e territori limitrofi (as Cichorium intybus L.)
    FV. Kuusk, V., Tabaka, L. & Jankjavičene, R. 2003: Flora baltijskich respublik. Flora of the Baltic countries. 3. – Tartu (as Cichorium intybus L.)
    FW. Den virtuella floran – http://linnaeus.nrm.se/flora/welcome.html (as Cichorium intybus L.)
    FX. Mirek, Z., Piękoś-Mirkova, H., Zając, A. & Zając, M. 2002: Flowering plants and pteridophytes of Poland. A Checklist. – Biodiversity Poland 1 (as Cichorium intybus L.)
    FY. Mirek, Z., Piękoś-Mirkova, H., Zając, A. & Zając, M. 2002: Flowering plants and pteridophytes of Poland. A Checklist. – Biodiversity Poland 1 (as Cichorium intybus subsp. sativum (DC.) Janch.)
    FZ. Gejdeman, T. S. 1986: Opredelitel' vysših rastenij Moldavskoj SSR, ed. 3. – Kisinev: Shtiintza (as Cichorium intybus L.)
    GA. Takhtajan, A. L. 1995: Flora of Armenia 9 (as Cichorium intybus L.)
    GB. Kurtto, A., Lampinen, R., Piirainen, M. & Uotila, P. 2019: Checklist of the vascular plants of Finland. Suomen putkilokasvien luettelo. – Helsinki: Finnish Museum of Natural History LUOMUS (as Cichorium intybus L.)
    GC. Karlsson, T. & Thomas: Checklista över Nordens kärlväxter – http://linnaeus.nrm.se/flora/chk/chk3.htm (as Cichorium intybus L.)
    GD. Karlsson, T. & Thomas: Checklista över Nordens kärlväxter – http://linnaeus.nrm.se/flora/chk/chk3.htm (as Cichorium intybus var. foliosum Hegi)
    GE. Prokudin, J. N. 1999: Opredelitel’ vysših rastenij Ukrainy (as Cichorium intybus L.)