Taraxacum

Taraxacum

Synonymy

Source: Kirschner, J., Štepánek, J. & Greuter, W. (2007+): Taraxacum. – In: Greuter, W. & Raab-Straube, E. von (ed.): Compositae. Euro+Med Plantbase - the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity.
Taraxacum F. H. Wigg., Prim. Fl. Holsat.: 56. 1780, nom. cons.
    • Taraxacum cupreum, nom. inval.
    • Taraxacum filiflorum, nom. inval.
    • Taraxacum officinale subsp. dens-leonis, nom. inval.
    • "Taraxacum alpinum" sensu Guinochet & Vilmorin 198211
    • "Taraxacum dens-leonis" sensu Bouchard 19784; sensu Sampaio 194716
    • "Taraxacum laciniatum" sensu Coutinho 19397
    • "Taraxacum laevigatum" sensu Guinochet & Vilmorin 198211
    • "Taraxacum officinale" sensu Al-Eisawi 19821; sensu Borges & al. 20053; sensu Boulos 19795; sensu Coste 1902–19036; sensu Davis 19758; sensu Dedkov, V. P. (ed.) 19999; sensu Fiori 1925–192910; sensu Hansen & Sunding 199312; sensu Hohenester & Welss 199313; sensu Knoche 192214; sensu Löve 198315; sensu Stierstorfer & Gaisberg 200617
    • "Taraxacum officinale var. laevigatum" sensu Boissier 18752
    • 1. Al-Eisawi, D., List of Jordan vascular plants in Mitteilungen (aus) der Botanischen Staatssammlung München 18: 79-182. 1982, 2. Boissier, E., Flora orientalis 3. 1875, 3. Borges, P. A. V., Cunha, R., Gabriel, R. & al., Listagem da fauna e flora (Mollusca e Arthropoda) (Bryophyta, Pteridophyta e Spermatophyta) terrestres dos Açores. 2005, 4. Bouchard, J., Flore pratique de la Corse, ed. 3. 1978, 5. Boulos, L., A check-list of the Libyan flora 3. Compositae (by C. Jeffrey) in Candollea 34: 307-332. 1979, 6. Coste, H., Flore descriptive et illustrée de la France 2. 1902–1903, 7. Coutinho, A. X. P., A flora de Portugal, ed. 2. 1939, 8. Davis, P. H., Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 5. 1975, 9. Dedkov, V. P. (ed.), Konspekt sosudistyh rastenij Kaliningradskoj Oblasti. 1999, 10. Fiori, A., Nuova flora analitica d’Italia 2. 1925–1929, 11. Guinochet, M. & Vilmorin, R. de, Flore de France 4. 1982, 12. Hansen, A. & Sunding, P., Flora of Macaronesia. Checklist of vascular plants. 4th revised edition in Sommerfeltia 17. 1993, 13. Hohenester, A. & Welss, W., Exkursionsflora für die Kanarischen Inseln mit Ausblicken auf ganz Makaronesien. 1993, 14. Knoche, H., Flora balearica 2. 1922, 15. Löve, Á., Flora of Iceland. 1983, 16. Sampaio, G., Flora portuguesa, ed. 2. 1947, 17. Stierstorfer, C. & Gaisberg, M. von, Annotated checklist and distribution of the vascular plants of El Hierro, Canary Islands, Spain in Englera 27: 1-221. 2006

    Distribution

    AE(G T) Ab(A N) Ag Al Ar Au(A L) Az(C F dJ L M) BH Be(B L) Bl(I M N) Br Bu By Ca(C dF G dL P T) Cg Cm Co Cr Cs Ct Cy Da Eg Es Fa Fe Ga(C F) Ge Gg Gr Hb(E N) He Ho Hs(A S) Hu Ir Is It Jo La Le Li Lt Lu Ma Md(M) Mk Mo No Po Rf(A C CS E K N NW S) Rm Sa Sb Si(M S) Sk Sl Sr Su Sy Tn Tu(A E) Uk [pAz(G P S T) aCa(H) Md(P)] 

    Euro+Med not endemic: Albania native; Algeria native; Armenia native; Austria, with Liechtenstein native (Austria native, Liechtenstein native); Azerbaijan, with Nakhchivan (Azerbaijan nativenativeA, Nakhchivan native); Azores native (Corvo native, Faial native, Flores native, Graciosa introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisationB,C, Pico introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisationB,C, Santa Maria introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisationB,C, São Jorge native: doubtfully native, São Miguel native, Terceira introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisationB,C); Baleares native (Ibiza native, Mallorca nativenativeD,E, Menorca native); Belarus native; Belgium, with Luxembourg native (Belgium native, Luxembourg native); Bosnia-Herzegovina native; Bulgaria native; Canary islands (Fuerteventura native: doubtfully native, Gomera native, Gran Canaria native, Hierro casualF, La Palma native, Lanzarote native: doubtfully native, Tenerife native); Corsica nativenativeG,H,I,J; Crete, with Karpathos native; Crimea native; Croatia nativenativeI; Cyprus native; Czech Republic native; Denmark native; East Aegean islands (Greek East Aegean islands nativenativeA, Turkish East Aegean islands native); Egypt native; Estonia native; Faroe islands native; Finland native; Former Yugoslavia native; France, with Channel is. and Monaco native (Channel islands nativenativeK, France nativenativeH,J,L,M); Georgia, with Abkhazia and Adjara native; Germany native; Great Britain native; Greece native; Hungary native; Iceland nativenativeN; Ireland, with N Ireland native (Ireland native, Northern Ireland native); Israel/Palestine native; Italy native; Jordan nativenativeO; Latvia native; Lebanon nativenativeA; Libya nativenativeP; Lithuania native; Madeira archipelago (Madeira island nativenativeC, Porto Santo introduced); Moldova native; Montenegro native; Morocco native; Netherlands native; North Macedonia native; Norway native; Poland native; Portugal nativenativeQ,R,S; Romania native; Russia (C European Russia native, E European Russia native, Kaliningrad region nativenativeT, N European Russia native, NW European Russia native, North Caucasus native, Novaya Zemlya & Franz-Joseph Land native, S European Russia native); Sardinia nativenativeI; Serbia, with Kosovo native; Sicily, with Malta native (Malta native, Sicily nativenativeI); Slovakia native; Slovenia native; Spain, with Gibraltar and Andorra native (Andorra native, Spain native); Svalbard native; Sweden native; Switzerland native; Syria nativenativeA; Tunisia native; Turkey (Turkey, Asiatic part nativenativeA,U, Turkey-in-Europe native); Ukraine native; Ukraine, with Crimea native

    Common Names

    Albanian (Albania): LuleshurdheV; Arabic (Lebanon): طَرَخْشَقونW; Arabic (Syria): طَرَخْشَقونX; Armenian (Armenia): ԽատուտիկY; Bulgarian (Bulgaria): ГлухарчеZ, РадикаZ; French (Belgium): PissenlitAA; French (Corse): PissenlitAB; French (France): PissenlitAC; German (Germany): KuhblumeAD, LöwenzahnAD; Italian (Italy): TarassacoAE; Romanian (Moldova): ПэпэдиеAF; Russian (Armenia): ОдуванчикY

    Bibliography

    A. Boissier, E., Flora orientalis 3. 1875 (as Taraxacum officinale var. laevigatum)
    B. Borges, P. A. V., Cunha, R., Gabriel, R. & al., Listagem da fauna e flora (Mollusca e Arthropoda) (Bryophyta, Pteridophyta e Spermatophyta) terrestres dos Açores. 2005 (as Taraxacum officinale)
    C. Hansen, A. & Sunding, P., Flora of Macaronesia. Checklist of vascular plants. 4th revised edition in Sommerfeltia 17. 1993 (as Taraxacum officinale)
    D. Duvigneaud, J., Catalogue provisoire de la flore des Baléares [ed. 2] in Soc. Échange Pl. Vasc. Eur. Occid. Médit. 17, Suppl: 1-43. 1979 (as Taraxacum cupreum)
    E. Knoche, H., Flora balearica 2. 1922 (as Taraxacum officinale)
    F. Stierstorfer, C. & Gaisberg, M. von, Annotated checklist and distribution of the vascular plants of El Hierro, Canary Islands, Spain in Englera 27: 1-221. 2006 (as Taraxacum officinale)
    G. Bouchard, J., Flore pratique de la Corse, ed. 3. 1978 (as Taraxacum dens-leonis)
    H. Coste, H., Flore descriptive et illustrée de la France 2. 1902–1903 (as Taraxacum officinale)
    I. Fiori, A., Nuova flora analitica d’Italia 2. 1925–1929 (as Taraxacum officinale)
    J. Guinochet, M. & Vilmorin, R. de, Flore de France 4. 1982 (as Taraxacum laevigatum)
    K. Perring, F. H. & Walters, S. M., Atlas of the British flora, ed. 3. 1982
    L. Anonymous [Association Tela Botanica], Tela Botanica. Flore électronique. Flores en ligne, France métropolitaine (as Taraxacum filiflorum)
    M. Guinochet, M. & Vilmorin, R. de, Flore de France 4. 1982 (as Taraxacum alpinum)
    N. Löve, Á., Flora of Iceland. 1983 (as Taraxacum officinale)
    O. Al-Eisawi, D., List of Jordan vascular plants in Mitteilungen (aus) der Botanischen Staatssammlung München 18: 79-182. 1982 (as Taraxacum officinale)
    P. Boulos, L., A check-list of the Libyan flora 3. Compositae (by C. Jeffrey) in Candollea 34: 307-332. 1979 (as Taraxacum officinale)
    Q. Coutinho, A. X. P., A flora de Portugal, ed. 2. 1939 (as Taraxacum officinale subsp. dens-leonis)
    R. Coutinho, A. X. P., A flora de Portugal, ed. 2. 1939 (as Taraxacum officinale var. laciniatum)
    S. Sampaio, G., Flora portuguesa, ed. 2. 1947 (as Taraxacum vulgare var. dens-leonis)
    T. Dedkov, V. P. (ed.), Konspekt sosudistyh rastenij Kaliningradskoj Oblasti. 1999 (as Taraxacum officinale)
    U. Davis, P. H., Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 5. 1975 (as Taraxacum officinale)
    V. Vangjeli, J. (ed.), Flore de l'Albanie 4. 2000
    W. Nehmé, M., Dictionnaire Etymologique de la Flore du Liban. 2000
    X. Nehmé, M., Etymological Dictionary of Syrian Flora. 2008
    Y. Flora of Armenia 9. 1995
    Z. Andreev, N. , Ančev, M. , Kožuharov, S. I. , Markova, M. , Peev, D. & Petrova, A., Opredelitel na visšite rastenija v Bălgarija. 1992
    AA. Mauhin, F., Les noms français des plantes vasculaires de Belgique et des Régions voisines. 2007
    AB. Gamisans, J., Flora Corsica. 2007
    AC. Tela Botanica, Le réseau de la botanique francophone. 2006
    AD. Rothmaler, W., Exkursionsflora von Deutschland, 4: Gefäßpflanzen: Kritischer Band, ed. 10. 2005
    AE. Pignatti, S., Flora d'Italia 3. 1982
    AF. Gejdeman, T. S., Opredelitel' vysših rastenij Moldavskoj SSR, ed. 3. 1986