Sonchus oleraceus

Sonchus oleraceus

Synonymy

Source: Greuter, W. (2006+): Compositae (pro parte majore). – In: Greuter, W. & Raab-Straube, E. von (ed.): Compositae. Euro+Med Plantbase - the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity.
Sonchus oleraceus L., Sp. Pl.: 794. 1753
    • =Sonchus ciliatus Lam., Fl. Franç. 2: 87. 1779
    • =Sonchus lacerus Willd., Sp. Pl. 3: 1513. 1803
    • =Sonchus royleanus DC., Prodr. 7: 184. 1838
    • =Sonchus ciliatus var. subbipinnatifidus Guss., Enum. Pl. Inarim.: 196. 1855
    • Sonchus subbipinnatifidus (Guss.) Zenari in Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital., ser. 2, 31: 9. 1924

    Distribution

    AE(G T) Ab(A N) Ag Al Ar Au(A L) BH Be(B L) Bl(I M N) Br Bu By Ca(dC dF dG dH dL dP dT) Cg Cm Co Cr Cs Ct Cy Da Eg Es Fe Ga(C F M) Ge Gg Gr Hb(E N) He Ho Hs(A G S) Hu Ir It Jo La Le Li Lt Lu Ma Md(dD dM dP) Mk Mo No Po Rf(C CS E K N NW S) Rm Sa dSg Si(M S) Sk Sl Sn Sr Su Sy Tn Tu(A E) Uk [pAz(C F G J L M P S T) aIs] 

    Euro+Med not endemic: Albania nativeA,B,C,D,E; Algeria nativeF,G,H; Armenia nativeI,J; Austria, with Liechtenstein nativeC (Austria nativeK,L, Liechtenstein nativeM); Azerbaijan (Azerbaijan (core) nativeI,N,O, Nakhchivan nativeI); Azores (Corvo introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisationP,Q,R, Faial introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisationP,Q,R, Flores introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisationP,Q,R, Graciosa introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisationP,Q,R, Pico introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisationP,Q,R, Santa Maria introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisationP,Q,R, São Jorge introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisationP,Q,R, São Miguel introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisationP,Q,R, Terceira introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisationP,Q,R); Baleares nativeC,S,T (Ibiza nativeU,V,W, Mallorca nativeU,V,W,X, Menorca nativeU,V,W,Y); Belarus nativeO,Z; Belgium, with Luxembourg nativeAA,C (Belgium nativeAB, Luxembourg nativeAB,AC); Bosnia-Herzegovina nativeAD; Bulgaria nativeAD,AE,AF,AG,C; Canary islands nativeF (Fuerteventura native: doubtfully nativeAH,Q, Gomera native: doubtfully nativeAH,Q, Gran Canaria native: doubtfully nativeAH,Q, Hierro native: doubtfully nativeAH,AI,Q, La Palma native: doubtfully nativeAH,Q, Lanzarote native: doubtfully nativeAH,Q, Tenerife native: doubtfully nativeAH,Q); Corsica nativeAJ,AK,AL,AM,AN,AO,C; Crete, with Karpathos nativeAD,AP,AQ,AR,C; Crimea nativeAS,AT,AU,C,O,Z; Croatia nativeAD,AV,AW; Cyprus nativeAX,AY,AZ,BA,BB,BC,BD; Czech Republic nativeBE,BF,BG,BH,BI,BJ; Denmark nativeBK,BL,C; East Aegean islands (Greek East Aegean islands nativeAP,BM,BN, Turkish East Aegean islands nativeBO); Egypt nativeBP,BQ,F; Estonia nativeBR,BS; Finland nativeBT,C; Former Yugoslavia nativeC; France, with Channel is. and Monaco (Channel islands nativeBU, France nativeAJ,BV,BW,BX,BY,C,U, Monaco nativeBZ); Georgia nativeCA,CB,CC,I,O; Germany nativeC,CD,CE,CF; Great Britain nativeC,CG; Greece nativeAD,AP,AR,BP,C,CH; Hungary nativeC,CI,CJ; Iceland casualCK; Ireland, with N Ireland nativeC,CG (Ireland nativeCL,CM, Northern Ireland nativeCL); Israel/Palestine nativeCN,CO,CP,CQ; Italy, with San Marino and Vatican City nativeC,CR,CS,CT,CU,CV,CW,CX,CY; Jordan nativeCP,CQ,CZ,DA; Latvia nativeBS,DB; Lebanon nativeCP,DC,DD; Libya nativeDE,DF,DG,F; Lithuania nativeBS; Madeira archipelago nativeF (Desertas native: doubtfully nativeDH, Madeira island native: doubtfully nativeDH,Q, Porto Santo native: doubtfully nativeDH,Q); Moldova nativeDI,O,Z; Montenegro nativeAD; Morocco nativeDJ,DK,DL,F; Netherlands nativeC,DM,DN,DO; North Macedonia nativeAD,DP,DQ; Norway nativeBL,C; Poland nativeC; Portugal nativeC,DR,DS,DT,T; Romania nativeAD,C,DU,DV; Russia (C European Russia nativeO,Z, E European Russia nativeO,Z, Kaliningrad region nativeDW, N European Russia nativeDX,O,Z, NW European Russia nativeO,Z, North Caucasus nativeDY,DZ,I,O, S European Russia nativeO,Z); Salvage islands native: doubtfully nativeDH,Q; Sardinia nativeC,CR,CW,EA,EB; Serbia, with Kosovo nativeAD,EC; Sicily, with Malta nativeC (Malta nativeED,EE,EF, Sicily nativeCR,CU,CW,EB,EG); Sinai nativeBQ,CP,EH,EI; Slovakia nativeBF,BG,EJ; Slovenia nativeEK,EL,EM; Spain, with Gibraltar and Andorra nativeC,EN (Andorra nativeEO,EP,EQ,T, Gibraltar nativeER, Spain nativeES,ET,EU,EV,S,T,U); Sweden nativeBL,C,EW,EX; Switzerland nativeC,EY,EZ,FA; Syria nativeCQ,DC; Tunisia nativeF,FB,FC; Turkey (Turkey, Asiatic part nativeBM,FD, Turkey-in-Europe nativeBM,C,FE); Ukraine nativeAS,FF,O,Z; Ukraine, with Crimea nativeDI

    Common Names

    Albanian (Albania): Rrëshyell perimeFG; Arabic (Lebanon): بَقْلَة يَهودِيَّةFH, تِفاف بَقْليFH, لِبَّيْـنFH; Arabic (Syria): بَقْلَة يَهودِيَّةFI, تِفاف بَقْليFI, لِبَّيْـنFI; Aragonese (Spain): cerrajasFJ, latazínFJ, lechacinesFJ, lechacinosFJ, lechazinoFJ, lechazínFJ, letachínFJ, letazinoFJ, letazínFJ, llatarinsFJ, llatasínFJ, llatazínFJ, llataímFJ, llatezínFJ, lletasinsFJ, lleteraFJ, lletezínFJ, zerrajaFJ; Armenian (Armenia): Կաթնբեկ բանջարանոցայինFK; Asturian; Bable; Leonese; Asturleonese (Spain): cardeñaFJ, cardosFJ, cardos lecherosFJ, carduFJ, cenrayaFJ, tarrielluFJ, xarrayaFJ; Basque (Spain): astaurrazaFJ, astelunazaFL, gardugueraFJ, kardaberaFJ; Bulgarian (Bulgaria): Градински кострецAE; Catalan; Valencian (Spain): alextóFJ, llacsóFL, llacsónsFJ, llatisóFL, llaxóFL, llecsóFJ, llepsonsFJ, llepsóFJ, lletissóFJ, lletsóFJ, lletsó d´aseFJ, lletsó oleraciFJ, lletsó/lletsonsFJ, llicsóFJ, llitsóFL, pixallitsFM; Corsican (Corse): Cardu mansuFN, CicerbitaFN, LattaghjonuFN, LattaroneFN; Danish (Denmark): Almindelig SvinemælkFO; English (Great Britain): Smooth Sow-thistleFP; Estonian (Estonia): Harilik piimohakasFQ; Finnish (Finland): KaalivalvattiFO, kaalivalvattiFR; French (Belgium): Laiteron maraîcherFS; French (Corse): Laiteron maraîcherFN; French (France): Laiteron lisseFT, Laiteron maraîcherFT, Laiteron potagerFT; French (Switzerland): Laiteron maraîcherFU; Galician (Spain): cardo molarFM, cerraxaFM, ferroioFM, leitarugaFM, leitarugasFM, sainchoFL, serralhaFM, serralha-brancaFM, serralha-maciaFM, serrallaFM; German (Germany): Kohl-GänsedistelFV; German (Switzerland): Gemeine GänsedistelFW; Hebrew (Israel): מְרוֹר הַגִּנּוֹתFX, מרור הגינותFX; High Aragonese (Spain): cerrajasFM, lechazinesFM, lechazinoFM, llataimFM, llatazínFM; Italian (Italy): CicerbitaFY, CrespignoFY, Grespino comuneFY, LattaroloFY; Italian (Switzerland): Grespino comuneFZ; Latvian (Latvia): Dārza mīkstpieneFQ; Majorcan (Mallorca): llacsonsFL, llasóFL, llatsonsFL, llensóFM, lletsonsFL, lletsóFM; Norwegian (Norway): HaredylleFO; Polish (Poland): Mlecz warzywnyGA, Mlecz zwyczajnyGA; Portuguese (Portugal): cardo molarFM, cerralhaFL, leitarugaFM, leiterâoFL, sarralhaFL, serralhaFL, serralha brancaFL, serralha maciaFM, serralha-brancaFM, serralha-bravaFM, serralha-maciaFM; Romanian (Moldova): Сусай де-грэдинэGB; Russian (Armenia): Осот огородныйGC; Spanish; Castilian (Spain): achicoriasFM, azapuercosFM, borrajasFM, camarojaFL, camorrojaFM, cardencaFM, cardeñaFM, cardo lecheroFM, cardo meleñoFM, cardos lechinesFM, cardunchaFM, carrajónFM, cerrajaFL, cerraja bastaFM, cerraja bordeFM, cerraja castellanaFM, cerraja comúnFM, cerraja del sueloFL, cerraja suaveFL, cerrajasFM, cerrajónFL, cerrajón bastoFM, cerrajón de ensaláFM, cerrajón imperialFM, cerrajón paveroFM, chicoriaFM, chicorias dulcesFM, cicerbitaFL, diente de leónFM, forrajasFM, forrajilloFL, lechacinoFM, lechecillaFM, lechecilloFL, lechecinoFM, lechecinosFL, lecheraFM, lecherasFM, lecherosFM, lechiternaFM, lechocinoFM, lechoncinoFM, lechuga de corderosFL, lechuguillaFL, pendejoFM, semayaFL, serradaFM, serrajasFM, sonco lisoFL, ternilloFM; Swedish (Sweden & Finland): kålmolkeFR; Swedish (Sweden): KålmjölktistelFO, KålmolkeGD, MjölktistelFO; Valencian (Spain): llaxonsFM, lletsóFM, lletsó fíFM, llicsóFM, llixó-fiFL, llixónsFM

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