Lactuca serriola

Lactuca serriola

Synonymy

Source: Greuter, W. (2006+): Compositae (pro parte majore). – In: Greuter, W. & Raab-Straube, E. von (ed.): Compositae. Euro+Med Plantbase - the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity.
Lactuca serriola L., Cent. Pl. 2: 29. 1756
    • =Lactuca scariola L., Amoen. Acad. 4: 489. 1759
    • =Lactuca augustana All., Auct. Syn. Meth. Stirp. Hort. Regii Taur.: 19. 1773
    • =Lactuca sylvestris Lam., Fl. Franç. 2: 84. 1779
    • =Lactuca virosa var. integrifolia Gray, Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 417. 1821
    • Lactuca serriola subsp. integrifolia (Gray) G. H. Loos in Jahrb. Bochum. Bot. Vereins 1: 124. 2010
    • =Lactuca coriacea Sch. Bip. in Linnaea 15: 725. 1841
    • =Lactuca altaica Fisch. & C. A. Mey. in Fischer & al., Index Sem. Hort. Petrop. 11: 73. 1846
    • =Lactuca dubia Jord. in Mém. Acad. Roy. Sci. Lyon, Sect. Lett., ser. 2, 1: 330. 1851
    • =Lactuca tephrocarpa K. Koch in Linnaea 23: 672. 1851
    • =Lactuca kemaliya Yıld. in Ot Sist. Bot. Dergisi 17(2): 26. 2010
    • "Lactuca virosa" sensu Webb 19661
    • 1. Webb, D. A. 1966: The flora of European Turkey. – Proceedings of the royal irish academy. Section B, biological, geological and chemical sciences 65/B/1: 1-100

    Distribution

    AE(G) Ab(A N) Ag Al Ar Au(A) BH Be(B L) Bl(I M N) Br Bu By dCa(C F G L P T) Cg Cm Co Cr Cs Ct Cy Da Eg Ga(C F M) Ge Gg Gr He Ho Hs(A G S) Hu Ir It Jo Le Lu Ma Md(dM dP) Mk Mo Rf(C CS E K N NW S) Rm Sa Si(M S) Sk Sl Sn Sr Sy Tn Tu(A E) Uk [pAu(L) pAz(F G L) nCa(H) nEs nFe Hb(nE aN) aIs aLa cLi nLt No nPo Su] 

    Euro+Med endemic: Albania nativeA,B,C,D,E; Algeria nativeF,G,H; Armenia nativeI,J; Austria, with Liechtenstein nativeC (Austria nativeK,L, Liechtenstein introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisationM); Azerbaijan (Azerbaijan (core) nativeI,N,O, Nakhchivan nativeN); Azores (Faial introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisationP,Q,R, Flores introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisationP,Q,R, Graciosa introduced: uncertain degree of naturalisationP,Q,R); Baleares nativeC (Ibiza nativeS, Mallorca nativeT,U,V,W,X,Y, Menorca nativeT,U,W,X,Y,Z); Belarus nativeAA; Belgium, with Luxembourg nativeC,AB (Belgium nativeAC, Luxembourg nativeAC,AD); Bosnia-Herzegovina nativeAE,AF; Bulgaria nativeC,AF,AG,AH,AI; Canary islands (Fuerteventura native: doubtfully nativeR,AJ, Gomera native: doubtfully nativeR,AJ, Gran Canaria native: doubtfully nativeR,AJ, Hierro naturalisedR, La Palma native: doubtfully nativeR, Lanzarote native: doubtfully nativeR, Tenerife native: doubtfully nativeR); Corsica nativeC,AK,AL,AM,AN,AO,AP; Crete, with Karpathos nativeC,AF,AQ,AR,AS,AT; Crimea nativeC,AA,AU,AV,AW,AX,AY; Croatia nativeAF,AZ,BA,BB; Cyprus nativeBC,BD,BE,BF,BG; Czech Republic nativeBH,BI,BJ,BK,BL,BM; Denmark nativeC,BN; East Aegean islands (Greek East Aegean islands nativeAQ,BO,BP); Egypt nativeF,BQ,BR; Estonia naturalisedBS; Finland naturalisedBT; Former Yugoslavia nativeC; France, with Channel is. and Monaco (Channel islands nativeBU,BV, France nativeC,T,AB,AK,BW,BX,BY,BZ,CA, Monaco nativeCB); Georgia nativeI,O,CC,CD,CE; Germany nativeC,CF,CG,CH; Great Britain nativeC,BV; Greece nativeC,AF,AQ,AR,AT,AU,CI,CJ,CK; Hungary nativeC,CL,CM; Iceland casualCN; Ireland, with N Ireland (Ireland naturalisedCO, Northern Ireland casualCO); Israel/Palestine nativeCP,CQ,CR,CS,CT; Italy, with San Marino and Vatican City nativeC,AZ,CU,CV,CW,CX,CY,CZ; Jordan nativeCQ,DA,DB,DC; Latvia casualDD,DE; Lebanon nativeCR,DF,DG; Libya cultivatedDH,DI; Lithuania naturalisedBS; Madeira archipelago nativeF (Madeira island native: doubtfully nativeR,DJ, Porto Santo native: doubtfully nativeDJ); Moldova nativeAA,AV,AW; Montenegro nativeAF,DK; Morocco nativeF,DL,DM,DN; Netherlands nativeC,DO,DP,DQ; North Macedonia nativeAF,DR,DS; Norway introducedDT; Poland naturalisedDU,DV; Portugal nativeC,Q,W,DW,DX,DY; Romania nativeC,AF,DZ,EA; Russia (C European Russia nativeAA,AV, E European Russia nativeO,AV, Kaliningrad region nativeEB, N European Russia nativeAA,AV, NW European Russia nativeAV, North Caucasus nativeI,O,EC,ED, S European Russia nativeAA,AV); Sardinia nativeC,AZ,CU,CW,EE,EF; Serbia, with Kosovo nativeAF,EG; Sicily, with Malta nativeC (Malta nativeEH, Sicily nativeAZ,CU,CW,EF,EI); Sinai nativeAU,BR,CQ,CR,EJ; Slovakia nativeBI,BJ,EK; Slovenia nativeEL,EM,EN; Spain, with Gibraltar and Andorra nativeC (Andorra nativeEO, Gibraltar nativeEP, Spain nativeT,U,W,EQ,ER,ES,ET,EU); Sweden introducedEV,EW; Switzerland nativeC,EX,EY,EZ; Syria nativeAU,CQ,CR,CT,DF; Tunisia nativeF,FA; Turkey (Turkey, Asiatic part nativeBO,CR,FB, Turkey-in-Europe nativeC,BO,BP,FC); Ukraine nativeAA,AV,AW; Ukraine, with Crimea nativeFD

    Common Names

    Albanian (Albania): OgrishtFE; Arabic (Lebanon): خَسّ الزَّيْتFF; Arabic (Syria): خَسّ الزَّيْتFG; Aragonese (Spain): amargónFH, asquerolaFH, chocainaFH, ensaladaFH, ensaladetaFH, ensaladitaFH, ensiam bordFH, esquerolaFH, esquirolaFH, serrallonesFH; Armenian (Armenia): Կաթնուկ կողմնացույցFI; Asturian; Bable; Leonese; Asturleonese (Spain): cardeñaFH, charrayaFH, poledoFH, poleduFH, sanrayaFH, xarrayaFH, xenrayaFH, xerrayaFH; Basque (Spain): asta-urrazaFH; Bulgarian (Bulgaria): Компасна салатаAG; Catalan; Valencian (Spain): amsiam venenósFH, enciam bordFH, enciam boscàFH, enciam de la Mare de DéuFH, enciamets de la Mare de DéuFH, ensiam bordFH, ensiam venenósFH, llatuga bordaFH, llatuga de boscFH, lletuga bordaFH, lletuga de boscFH, rascanuviesFH, rascanuvisFH, rascanòviaFH; Czech (Czech Republic): Locika kompasováFJ; Danish (Denmark): Tornet SalatFK; English (Great Britain): Prickly LettuceFL; Estonian (Estonia): Noollehine salatFM; Finnish (Finland): PiikkisalaattiFK, piikkisalaattiFN; French (Belgium): Laitue scarioleFO; French (Corse): Laitue scaroleFP; French (France): EscaroleFQ, Laitue ScarioleFQ, Laitue ScaroleFQ, Laitue sauvageFQ, Laitue serrioleFQ, ScaroleFQ; French (Switzerland): Laitue scarioleFR, Laitue serrioleFR; German (Germany): Kompass-LattichFS, Stachel-LattichFS; German (Switzerland): Wilder LattichFT; Hebrew (Israel): חַסַּת הַמַּצְפֵּןFU, חסת המצפןFU; High Aragonese (Spain): asquerdaFH, chocainaFH, ensaladetaFH, ensiam bordFH, esquerdaFH, esquirdaFH, lechuga silbestreFH; Italian (Italy): Herba BussolaCW, LattonaCW, Lattuga selvaticaCW, ScarólaCW; Italian (Switzerland): Lattuga selvaticaFV, ScarolaFV; Latvian (Latvia): Kompasa salātsFM; Majorcan (Mallorca): escarolaFH, rasacanuviesFH, rasca-nuvisFH, rascanuviesFH; Norwegian (Norway): TaggsalatFK; Polish (Poland): Sałata kompasowaDV; Portuguese (Portugal): alface brava menorFH, alface-brava-menorFH, alface-silvestreFH, endiviaFH, escarolaFH, saralhoFH, serralhaFH; Romanian (Moldova): Лэптучь динцацьFW; Russian (Armenia): Латук компасныйFI; Spanish; Castilian (Spain): achicoriasFH, baleasFH, cardoFH, cardo lecharFH, cardo lecheroFH, cardo mantequeroFH, cardo montesFH, cardocucosFH, cazapuercosFH, cerrajonesFH, escarolaFH, escarola silvestreFH, escobaFH, lambazaFH, lecheguetasFH, lecheraFH, lecherinaFH, lecherinasFH, lecherínFH, lechuga bordeFH, lechuga escarolaFH, lechuga escaroladaFH, lechuga espinosaFH, lechuga montésFH, lechuga silvestreFH, lechuga silvestre de costilla espinosaFH, lechugoFH, lechuguetaFH, lechuguetasFH, lechuguillaFH, lechuguilla pinchosaFH, lengua de vacaFH, manzanillonesFH, panes de pastorFH, pie de pájaroFH, planta brújulaFH, serrallonesFH, serrallónFH, yerba canaFH; Swedish (Sweden & Finland): taggsallatFN; Swedish (Sweden): TaggsallatFX; Valencian (Spain): ansiam de monteFH, enciam bordFH

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