Cirsium pugnax

Cirsium pugnax

Synonymy

Source: Greuter, W. (2006+): Compositae (pro parte majore). – In: Greuter, W. & Raab-Straube, E. von (ed.): Compositae. Euro+Med Plantbase - the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity.
Cirsium pugnax Sommier & Levier in Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital., ser. 2, 2: 12. 1895
    • =Carduus horridus Adams in Beitr. Naturk. 1: 66. 1805
    • Cirsium horridum (Adams) Petr. in Trudy Tiflissk. Bot. Sada 12(1): 19. 1912 [non Cirsium horridum Fisch. 1812]
    • "Cirsium munitum" sensu Boissier 18751; sensu Davis 19752
    • 1. Boissier, E., Flora orientalis 3. 1875, 2. Davis, P. H., Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 5. 1975

    Distribution

    Ab(A) Gg Rf(CS) Tu(A) 

    Euro+Med endemic: Azerbaijan, with Nakhchivan (Azerbaijan nativeA,B); Georgia, with Abkhazia and Adjara nativeB,C,D,E; Russia (North Caucasus nativeB,C,F,G); Turkey (Turkey, Asiatic part nativeC,H,I)

    Common Names

    Azerbaijani (Azerbaijan): Горхулу гангалJ

    Bibliography

    A. Karjagin, I. I., Flora azerbajdžana 8. 1961 (as Cirsium horridum (Adams) Petr.)
    B. Menickij, Ju. L., Konspekt vidov roda Cirsium (Asteraceae) Kavkaza in Botanicheskii zhurnal 81(9): 92-105. 1996
    C. Boissier, E., Flora orientalis 3. 1875 (as Cirsium munitum)
    D. Gagnidze, R., Vascular plants of Georgia. A nomenclatural checklist. 2005 (as Cirsium horridum (Adams) Petr.)
    E. Kechoveli, N. N., Flora Gruzii 8. 1952 (as Cirsium horridum (Adams) Petr.)
    F. Galuško, A. I., Flora severnogo Kavkaza 3. 1980
    G. Komarov, V. L., Flora SSSR 28 [Bobrov, E. G. & Čerepanov, S. K.]. 1963
    H. Davis, P. H., Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 5. 1975 (as Cirsium munitum)
    I. Güner, A. (ed.), Türkiye Bitkileri Listesi. 2012
    J. Karjagin, I. I., Flora azerbajdžana 8. 1961 (as Cirsium horridum (Adams) Petr.)